A fuel gauge displays that fluctuates between empty and full may be due to a mechanical failure. The fuel sending unit float arm may ‘stick’ at certain levels, and fall back into place either naturally or with help from vehicle movement. Once the float arm falls back into place, the fuel gauge becomes accurate again.
- Owners of GM vehicles are reported problems with their fuel gauges reading low when the tank is full, or giving erratic readings. Start your diagnosis by checking the electrical connector to the fuel tank sending unit. The electrical harness should be visible near the right (passenger side) rear floor.
How do I reset my GM fuel gauge?
How to Reset a Fuel Gauge
- Turn the ignition switch to the “On” position.
- Press the “Odo/Trip” button until the odometer is put into “ODO” mode.
- Turn off the ignition.
- Press and hold the “Odo/Trip” button.
- Release the “Odo/Trip” button.
How do you fix an erratic fuel gauge?
Pull the fuse box cover and check the condition of the fuse for the gauges/instrument panel. If it’s blown, replace with a new one. Check this first if more than one gauge is acting erratically, as this is likely the solution to your fuel gauge problem.
Why is my fuel gauge bouncing?
If your fuel level gauge stays still when the car is still, the problem is due to sloshing fuel in the tank. When the fuel is moving around, it is moving the float up and down on the sender, which causes the gauge to respond by moving back and forth.
Why does my gas hand fluctuate?
It will fluctuate when the gasoline in the tank sloshes, and the float bounces around. Fuel moves inside the tank while you are driving, which causes the sensor which is just a float attached to a potentiometer (variable resistor) and the sloshing causes the signal to fluctuate.
Why is my gas gauge going down so fast?
Ray: Actually, you probably just have a faulty gas tank sending unit. There’s a float in your gas tank that floats down as the fuel level drops. As the float goes down, the metal contact attached to it slides down a variable resistor.
How do you diagnose a gas gauge problem?
Turn on the engine’s ignition and probe with a multimeter between the ground and the positive terminal on the back of the gauge; it should be marked with a “+” or an “I.” If there is no voltage then the fault is in the ignition circuit—and the gauge is probably good.
How much does it cost to fix gas gauge?
To fix the gas gauge on a car for the lowest price, you could buy the part for about $50 to $200 depending on the model of the car.. If you want to go to a repair shop, expect to spend about $200 to $300 on labor if you buy the new gauge on your own.
What do the lines on a gas gauge mean?
The lines on the gas gauge are increments of 1/4 representing your gas tanks fuel level. Anything between 2 lines would be an eight. The line lowest to the bottom would mean you have 1/4 of a tank of gas and you should probably fill up soon, below 1/4 would be close to 1/8 of a tank which means get gas now.
Can you drive with a bad fuel level sensor?
When the fuel sending unit has an issue it can cause the vehicle to experience issues with the fuel gauge, which can put the vehicle at risk of running out of fuel. Usually a bad or failing fuel gauge sender will produce a few symptoms that can alert the driver of a potential issue.
How accurate are fuel gauges?
On average, the fuel economy display of the vehicles tested showed an error of 2.3-percent. But vehicle error varied greatly, ranging from 6.4-percent to 2.8-percent.
What are signs of bad fuel pump?
6 Common Signs of a Faulty Fuel Pump
- Whining Noise From the Fuel Tank. If you notice a whining noise coming from the location of your fuel tank, the fuel pump is probably beginning to fail.
- The Engine Sputters or Surges.
- Trouble Starting the Car.
- Loss of Power Under Load.
- Reduced Gas Mileage.
- Stalling at High Temperatures.
Is there a fuse for gas gauge?
As mentioned, the fuel gauge fuse is most likely the same as the fuse that all of your other instruments use. This means that this fuse could be located in the fuse box that’s under the driver’s side of the dashboard.
Gas Gauge Is Not Working Correctly: the Gas Gage Shows It'.
Unfortunately, this has been a widespread problem in recent years with General Motors vehicles. When the transmitting unit in the tank develops a weak point, the gauge’s operation becomes unpredictable. The level sending unit will be replaced as part of the repair. The only catch is that in order to change it, you must first remove the gas tank, then the pump and sending unit, and then replace the sending unit with the new one. Because of the truck’s age and mileage, I would most likely replace the complete pump module with a new OEM unit in this situation.
There are two main reasons why I believe the entire module should be replaced.
In addition, a single level sending unit costs over $30 more than a full new OEM pump assembly with a new level sender installed!
In order to replace the older pump assemblies with a better updated connector, the newer pump units are equipped with a better updated connector.
a picture of a picture of a picture (Click to enlarge) At 8:04 p.m.
Fuel gauge reading incorrectly ❤️ Causes and Troubleshooting
The purpose of a fuel gauge in a car is to indicate the quantity of gasoline remaining in the tank of the vehicle. It consists of two parts: an indicator on the dashboard and a transmitting device located in the storage tank. Most of the time, a faulty transmitting unit is the root cause of an erroneous fuel gauge reading. Before we go into detail about what causes a gasoline gauge to read wrongly, it’s important to understand how the gauge works first. Automobile repairs are EXTREMELY EXPENSIVE.
How does the fuel gauge work?
The function of a fuel gauge in a car is to indicate the quantity of petrol remaining in the tank at any given time. Both the dashboard indication and the transmitting device in the tank are components of this system. The most typical reason of an inaccurate fuel gauge reading is a faulty transmitting unit, which may be replaced. First and foremost, it’s important to understand how a gasoline gauge works before we can analyze why it displays wrong. It is EXTREMELY expensive to get your car repaired.
How can you tell if your gas gauge is broken?
Whenever there is a problem with the transmitting unit, the automobile will encounter problems with the fuel gauge, such as the fuel gauge not reading correctly. This increases the likelihood of your vehicle running out of fuel. A faulty or malfunctioning fuel gauge sender will exhibit a number of symptoms that might alert you to the presence of a possible problem.
- There will be problems with the fuel gauge when there is a problem with the transmitting unit, such as the fuel gauge reading inaccurately. This increases the likelihood of your automobile running out of petrol. A faulty or malfunctioning fuel gauge sender will exhibit a number of symptoms that might alert you to the presence of a possible problem with your vehicle.
The fuel gauge sender is not a component that is often maintained. Most of the time, it is only maintained when the gasoline pump malfunctions. Although it is not critical to the correct running of your vehicle, it is vital.
You should have your fuel gauge sending unit evaluated by a professional technician if you begin to see indicators of a failing fuel gauge or believe that the sending unit is malfunctioning. A professional technician will assess whether or not you need to replace your fuel gauge sending unit.
How do you fix an inaccurate fuel gauge?
If your car’s fuel gauge becomes stuck, it is not only inconvenient, but it is also a bother since you must keep track of how many miles you have traveled since your last fill-up in order to avoid running out of petrol. In order for a fuel gauge to function, a sequence of electrical connections must be made from the transmitting unit to the gauge cluster. If any of these connections breaks, your fuel gauge will stop working. The good news is that you can diagnose the problem yourself and avoid having to pay for a costly repair service.
- If it does, go to Step 2.
- The fuse box can be situated either on the driver’s side of the dashboard or in the engine compartment of the vehicle.
- This may be accomplished by connecting the negative jumper wire to the vehicle’s frame and the positive jumper cable to the transmitting unit’s grounding terminal on the grounding connector.
- Step 3: Disconnect the wiring that is attached to the transmitting unit of the fuel gauge, and then check the fuel gauge readings.
- If, on the other hand, your fuel gauge is displaying a full reading, this indicates that the transmitting unit is malfunctioning and should be replaced.
- Verify that all of the wiring is firmly attached to the rear of the fuel gauge by checking the connections.
- Consult your vehicle’s owner’s handbook for specific instructions, since the procedure differs from vehicle to vehicle.
- After turning on the ignition, check to see if the fuel gauge is functioning properly.
What would cause the fuel gauge to stop working?
Despite the fact that the fuel gauge is a very basic circuit, each component of the circuit is critical to the functionality of the instrument. A variety of factors might cause the fuel gauge to cease functioning:
Malfunctioning Sending Unit
As previously said, this is the most typical reason why a gasoline gauge fails to function as it should when it should. When the automobile is moving, the transmitting unit is always in motion, making contact with the variable resistor on a constant basis.
Over time, the contacts can become worn, which can result in an open circuit being created. The fuel gauge may interpret voltage feedback from a dead sender as Empty or Full, causing the fuel indicator to peg regardless of the actual gasoline level in the fuel tank.
Occasionally, the fuel gauge will not function as it should when there is a problem or problems with the circuitry. It is possible that the gasoline sending unit will not have a source voltage, the fuel gauge will not have a fuel sender voltage, or that the ground for either would experience interruptions. This would be dependent on where the problem was located. Because it is frequently exposed to the weather, corrosion and loose connections may also cause a gasoline gauge to cease working. This is especially true for the Fuel Pump Module, which is commonly the culprit.
Fuel Gauge Failure
Although this does not occur frequently, it is nevertheless a potential problem. If the internal circuit breaks, the gas gauge may only function in a single sector, such as between EMPTY and HALF or between HALF and EMPTY, if the internal circuit fails. Because of the shorting of the internal circuits, it is possible for them to provide a misleading reading of FULL or EMPTY. When the circuit is open, the fuel gauge is likely to remain at EMPTY for an extended period of time, if not permanently.
Failing Instrument Cluster
This is the least common of the possible causes and can be the most expensive to correct. Recent instrument clusters are fully integrated circuits, and they may not even have replacement bulbs as standard equipment. Whenever a component of the cluster malfunctions, such as the fuel gauge, the entire unit must be replaced.
How can I determine the source of my fuel gauge issue?
Make sure you have the following instruments ready before you begin testing your fuel gauge: a digital multimeter (DMM), an electrical wiring diagram (EWD), and some basic hand tools. Perform the following tests in order to determine the cause of the issue:
Instrument Cluster Self Test
Many modern cars are equipped with an instrument cluster self-test function that allows the driver to check the performance of computer-controlled instrument clusters. The process may be found in your vehicle’s owner’s handbook or on the internet. In this test, the digital lights and gauges are tested, and the gauges are moved through their ranges using a finger. Examine the gasoline gauge closely to see whether or not it moves smoothly from Empty to Full as the vehicle approaches. Keep in mind that several phases of the self-test may cause the gasoline gauge to halt at the numbers 14, 12, and 34.
Fuel Sending Unit Test
This test should be performed while the tank’s level is less than half full. This is done in order to avoid gasoline splashing. Make sure the plug is clean, dry, and free of rust before proceeding. The pins should be straight, and the connection should be properly placed in the connector housing before use. Remove the pump module in order to be able to handle the float arm more easily. With the key in the ON position, back-probe the connector and check for voltage to ensure it is operational (but do not start the engine).
An additional pin will be used to provide voltage feedback to the fuel gauge.
The output voltage will rise or decrease depending on whether you are moving the float up or down.
When the output voltage is inaccurate, it is most likely due to a problem with the transmitting device. However, if both the input and output voltages are right, it is likely that there is a problem with the circuit between the fuel gauge and the transmitting unit.
Fuel Gauge Test
It is necessary to repeat the voltage test from the transmitting unit while performing a fuel gauge test. The voltage at the receiving unit must be precisely the same as it was when you did the test there. When the voltage between the fuel gauge and the transmitting unit is different, it is probable that the wiring between them is faulty or that there is corrosion. These tests should enable you to pinpoint the source of the problem, but be cautious when dealing with newer computer-controlled instrument clusters and fuel meters, which can be difficult to diagnose and repair.
How much does it cost to fix a fuel level sensor?
Replace a gasoline level sensor might cost anywhere from $10 and $170.
The fuel gauge is provided only for your information. When you run out of fuel, you may find yourself trapped. The replacement of your gasoline gauge as soon as possible is strongly suggested if your gauge is reading inaccurately, functioning intermittently, or has failed. It’s usually not that expensive, and it will spare you the hassle of running out of petrol or having to keep track of how many miles you’ve gone since the last time you filled up.
Do I have to replace my failing fuel gauge?
If you purchase a product after clicking on one of our affiliate links, The Drive and its partners may get a commission. More information may be found here. Fuel gauges are very straightforward devices. When the tank is nearly empty, they point to the letter “E,” and when it is full, they point to the letter “F.” At least until it stops being so. Afterwards, you’re left in the dark, trying to predict how many miles you can squeeze out of the last droplet of petrol before the car sputters and comes to a stop on the side of the road.
It is not a mechanical connection in the traditional sense; instead, electricity is used to make it function.
Even so, with a little patience and a multimeter, the home mechanic may diagnose the problem with a little elbow grease and an understanding of the wiring at his or her own convenience.
Let’s get started by bringing out our inner DIY enthusiast.
What Is a Fuel Gauge?
The fuel gauge of a car, whether digital or conventional, tells the driver of how much petrol is remaining in the tank of the vehicle.
How Does a Fuel Gauge work?
When the gasoline sending unit is mounted to, on, or in the fuel tank, the information transmitted to the fuel gauge is shown on the fuel gauge. The information provided by the sensor will cause an analog gauge to move a needle up and down across a dial, while a digital gauge will display a preset number of bars that indicate how much fuel is remaining in the tank.
When the tank goes to its reserve mode, a fuel light will illuminate on the tank’s outside.
How Does a Fuel Sending Unit Work?
The fuel transmitting device is equipped with a float arm that is submerged in liquid gas. When that arm swings up and down, the resistance to ground on a variable resistor varies as a result of the movement. Using the resistance, the car’s wiring and electronics can decide where the needle or digital gauge should be positioned on the instrument panel and gauge. In both cases, when the tank is full, it reports a high resistance; when the tank is empty, it registers a low resistance.
Symptoms of a Malfunctioning Fuel Gauge
If you see any of these signs, you may be experiencing a problem.
- Fuel gauge readings that are inconsistent
- Reads low when the tank is full
- Reads full when the tank is empty
- False low fuel signal.
What Causes Fuel Gauges and Fuel Gauge Sending Units To Fail?
- Fuse that has blown
- Gauge that has broken
- Wires that have been disconnected
- Wires that have been damaged
- False grounds Fuel gauge transmitting unit that has failed or broken
- The transmitting lever for the fuel gauge is stuck.
Resolving the Problem
Disconnected wires; damaged wires; erroneous grounds; blown fuse; broken gauge; Fuel gauge transmitting unit that has failed or been damaged; The transmitting lever for the fuel gauge is stuck;
The Basics of Diagnosing a Malfunctioning Fuel Gauge
According on the location and accessibility of the fuel gauge transmitting unit, the estimated time required might be several hours. Beginner’s level of ability System of the vehicle: fuel
For this task, you’ll be working beneath the hood, testing electrical wiring, and dealing with flammable materials. Make sure you have all of the necessary safety equipment and procedures in place to guarantee that you are able to exit the garage without being damaged.
Tools You’ll Need To Diagnose a Malfunctioning Fuel Gauge
- The following items are recommended: multimeter
- Screwdriver set, if necessary
- Socket set, if necessary If required, trim the removal tools to fit the situation.
It will save you valuable time if you organize your tools and equipment so that everything is conveniently accessible. This will eliminate the need to wait for your handy youngster or four-legged assistant to bring you the sandpaper or blowtorch. (You will not require a blowtorch for this task.) There is fuel involved, and fire is harmful when there is additional fuel. Please do not allow your child to hand you a blowtorch—Ed.) As well as having a level workstation, such as a garage floor, driveway, or street parking, you’ll also need a reliable source of electricity.
Then, let’s go over the procedure for discovering your problem step by step in detail.
Check the Fuse
Discover and examine the fuse for your fuel gauge to see whether or not it is functional. You could be in the clear if you simply replace the blown component. If your fuse is in good working order or if you’re still experiencing troubles after changing it, you’re dealing with a different problem.
Run Your Car’s Self-Test
The majority of modern automobiles developed after the early 1990s are equipped with built-in testing methods. They are often triggered by pressing a combination of the light switch, the trip button, and other dashboard controls on the dashboard. To find out what code you have, consult your owner’s handbook. If you do the check and the needle rotates through its up and down motions, the gauge is in good working order and you have an issue with another part of the system.
Test a Fuel Gauge Sending Unit
In the next part, you’ll learn how to test your fuel gauge transmitting unit with a digital multimeter.
These are broad stages that may or may not apply specifically to your vehicle, but they provide an overview of the overall procedure.
- For information on how to reach the gasoline tank and the fuel gauge transmitting unit, refer to your owner’s handbook
- Remove the panels and pieces that are required for access
- Make sure there are no physical problems with the ground wire. According to whether the fuel sending unit is incorporated into the gasoline pump or is located outside of it, consult your service manual to find out the voltage standards and wiring schematics for the fuel sending unit wire or connector. Utilize a multimeter to check the voltage of the wire and/or the connection that supplies power to the transmitting unit when the ignition is turned to “on.” If the measurements are inaccurate, trace the circuit backwards and test until you locate the source of the problem. The next step is to look for signs of voltage loss. If you reconnect the cable and do another test, the fuel gauge transmitting unit should generate resistance. Whenever the voltage lowers, it indicates that the fuel gauge transmitting unit is generating the resistance that it should be. If there is no resistance, it is possible that you will need to remove the fuel sending unit in order to investigate and test further
- Once you’ve taken the unit apart, switch your multimeter to the ohms setting. In order to find the ohms range in which the gasoline sending unit functions, see your owner’s handbook or service manual. Using the example of 0-70, the ohms reading will be 0 when the tank is empty and 70 when the tank is full, or vice versa if the range is 0-70. With the device removed from the car, you may do more testing to see whether the problem is with the float, the resistor, or something else.
Screwy fuel gauge question
The gasoline sender does, in fact, transmit the signal to the PCM, indicating that it is a module. However, I’ve never seen one of those produce an issue with the fuel gauge, although the transmitting unit is responsible for this, according to the score. This is a Technical Service Bulletin (TSB) on the subject. The sensor-specific part numbers are at the end of the list. The engine cranks but does not start, the engine stalls, the fuel gauge reading is inaccurate or incorrect, there is no fuel, etc.
- For Variable Fuel (VIN Z – RPO L59) cars, please refer to Corporate Bulletin Number 04-06-04-012B or a more recent version.
- Please disregard Corporate Bulletin Number 04-08-49-018 D.
- Condition Some customers may express concerns about their car stalling and refusing to begin, running out of gasoline, or seeming to be out of fuel while the fuel gauge is actually reading higher than empty.
- Cause It is possible that contamination on the gasoline transmitting card will result in imprecise or erroneous fuel gauge readings.
- Determine whether or not the car is truly out of fuel.
- – If the car is running low on gasoline but the gauge does not show that it is completely depleted, check the fuel gauge.
- (Document ID: 1292631 in the SI) If the testing confirms that the fuel gauge is working properly, replace the fuel sensor assembly as well as the auxiliary tank fuel level sensor, if one is installed, as soon as possible.
Please refer to the following service details for further information: – Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Engines with displacements of 4.8L and 5.3L (SI Document ID1332662) – Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Engine with 6.0L displacement and a front tank (SI Document ID1333086) – Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Engine: 6.0L with a rear tank (SI Document ID1333087) – Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Vehicles with 8.1L fuel tanks in the front (SI Document ID1333104) Reinstallation of the fuel level sensor in 8.1 L cars equipped with a rear tank (SI Document ID1333105) Vehicles equipped with a Hummer H2 fuel level sensor are referred to as H2 vehicles (SI Document ID861702) – Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor in a 2.8L engine (SI Document ID1220030).
- Engine displacement: 3.5 L (SI Document ID1219948) Information on the Components Parts are only available in limited numbers.
- Part Number (short for “Part Number”).
- and Ext.
- and Ext.
and Ext Cabwith LQ4 or L18 and without K539060636 Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Side2001-2003360364 0353, Cab/Chassis (robust fuel system) 89060637Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Side2000-2003159259 0636, C/K, Long Wheel Base Utilitywith LM7 or LQ4 or LQ9 or L18 and without K53 89060637Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Side2000-2003159259 0636, C/K, Long Wheel Base Utility (robust fuel system) 89060638 The Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Side2000-2003157 06, C/K, Short Wheel Base Utilitywith LM7 or LQ4 or LQ9 or L18 and without K53 and with LM7 or LQ4 or LQ9 or L18 and without K53 (robust fuel system) The part number is 89060640Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Side1999-2003100200300 034353, C/K, 2 Dr, 4 Dr, and Ext Cab Pickupwith the engines LU3 or LR4 or LM7 or LQ4 or LQ9 or L18 and the engine code is K53 (without robust fuel system) With or without K53, 2004100 0353, C/K, 2 Dr and Ext Cab (with LU3 and without K53) is a good choice (robust fuel system) Long Wheel Base Utility with LM7 or LQ4 or LQ9 or L18 and without K53 Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Rear2000-2003259 0636, C/K, Long Wheel Base Utility with LM7 or LQ4 or LQ9 or L18 and without K53 (robust fuel system) 88965384 Sensor Assembly was completed in 2004-2005.
- HUMMER H288965817 HUMMER H288965817 HUMMER H288965817 Sensor Assembly was completed in 2004-2005.
- Information Regarding Warranties For cars that have been repaired under warranty, utilize the following: Operation of the Labor Force Description L1197 is the labor time.
- Utilize the labor operation time that has been stated.
- Specifically, they are created in order to alert these professionals of situations that may develop on certain cars, or to offer information that may be useful in the correct service of a vehicle.
- In the event that a condition is stated, DO NOT assume that the advisory relates to your vehicle or that your vehicle will be affected by the condition.
Inquire with your local General Motors dealer to determine whether your car might benefit from the information. WE SUPPORT THE CERTIFICATION OF VOLUNTARY TECHNICIANS. General Motors Corporation owns the copyright to this image. All Intellectual Property Rights are Reserved.
What are some of the 2006 Chevy silverado gas gauge problems?
In this case, the gasoline sender is a module since it transmits the signal to the PCM. On the other hand, I’ve never seen one of those produce an issue with the fuel gauge, whereas the transmitting unit is responsible for this, according to the evidence. This is a Technical Service Bulletin (TSB) about the problem. The sensor-specific part numbers are located at the end of the list of parts. The engine cranks but does not start, the engine stalls, the fuel gauge reading is inaccurate or incorrect, there is no fuel, and the engine stalls again It appears that the vehicle has run out of gas, as shown by the fuel gauge reading above the empty level (Replace Fuel Level Sensor) 04-08-49-018E – 04-08-49-018E – 04-08-49-018E (Jan 5, 2005) 2001-2004 Chevrolet Silverado Pickups 1999-2004 Automobiles manufactured by Chevrolet and GMC 2004-2005 HUMMER H2 is a two-wheel drive vehicle.
- powered by an internal combustion engine (VINs Z, X, V, T, U, N, G,6, 8 – RPOs LU3, LR4, LM7, LQ4, LQ9, L59, L18,LK5, L52) A limited number of parts are now available for cars equipped with Variable Fuel (VIN Z – RPO L59).
- Information about the Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon is being added to this bulletin as it is being changed.
- Condition Some customers may express concerns about their car stalling and refusing to begin, running out of gasoline, or seeming to be out of fuel while the fuel gauge is really reading higher than the empty mark on the gauge.
- Cause It is possible that contamination on the gasoline transmitting card will result in imprecise or erroneous fuel gauge reading.
- Make sure the car is truly empty of petrol before proceeding.
- – Ensure that the fuel gauge does not read empty if the car is running low on gasoline but does not appear to be completely empty.
- (Document ID: 1292631 from the State of Illinois) Ensure that the fuel gauge is functioning properly by testing it and replacing it, if necessary, with a new fuel sensor assembly and auxiliary tank fuel level sensor, if one is installed.
- Please refer to the following service information for further details:.
(SI Document ID1332662) Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Tank in front of the engine (6.0L) (SI Document ID1333086) Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Tank at the rear of the engine: 6.0L (SI Document ID1333087) Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Automobiles with 8.1L fuel tanks at the front (SI Document ID1333104) Replace Fuel Level Sensor for 8.1 L cars equipped with a rear tank (SI Document ID1333105) Refer to the Fuel Level Sensor Replacement section of the HUMMER H2 car manual for further information (SI Document ID861702) Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor Replacement of the Fuel Level Sensor in a 2.8L engine (SI Document ID1220030).
- Engine: 3.5 liters (SI Document ID1219948) Information about the Components & Parts A limited number of parts are available.
- Numeric identifier of a component Description 89060635 Rear Aux Tank Sensor Assembly, 2001-2003360364 0353, Cab/Chassis, Reg.
- and Ext Cabwith LQ4 or L18 and minus NQZ, Cab/Chassis, Reg.
- and Ext Cabwith LQ4 or L18 and without K5389060636Sensor Assembly, Main Tank, Side2001-2003360364 0353 Cab/Chassis, Reg.
- Specifications and Conditions of the Warranty To describe automobiles that have been repaired under warranty, use the following terminology: Operations in the Field of Labour Description L1197 is the Labor Time.
- Labor operation time should be followed.
- In order to inform these technicians of conditions that may occur on some vehicles or to provide information that could assist in the proper service of a vehicle, they are written in plain English.
Inquire with your local General Motors dealer to see if the information applies to your vehicle. WE SUPPORT THE CERTIFICATION OF VOLUNTARY TECHNICIANS General Motors Corporation retains ownership of the intellectual property rights in the image. All Intellectual Property Rights Are Reserved
What’s wrong with my fuel gauge? Diagnosing a bad fuel sending unit
Incorrect readings on the gasoline gauge are most often caused by a malfunctioning fuel sending unit, which is the most prevalent issue. In order to convey the amount of fuel in the tank to the fuel gauge on the car dashboard, the fuel sending unit must be installed. This guarantees that the driver is always aware of the fuel level in the car, as well as alerting the driver when the vehicle is running short on gasoline and when it is necessary to visit a gas station before the tank is fully depleted of petrol.
How a fuel sending unit works
The fuel sending unit is positioned in the gas tank and is responsible for monitoring the fuel tank level. However, while some sending units are linked to the gasoline pump assembly, while others are stand-alone devices, they share the same three components: a float, an aluminum rod/arm, and a variable resistor. These three components work together to measure the amount of gasoline remaining in the car and transmit the information to the gas gauge on the dashboard. Float- The float, which is constructed of a buoyant composite or foam, floats on top of the gasoline in the tank and prevents the fuel from spilling.
- Resistor with a variable value- Resistors are electrical devices that prevent the passage of electricity, and a variable resistor has the capacity to alter the amount of resistance voltage encounters by sliding a contact (wiper) across a resistive element.
- In order for the wiper to work, it must be linked to the fuel gauge, either directly or indirectly, through an electrical device that interacts with the gauge.
- The gasoline sending unit is only one of the numerous names that have been given to this automobile component.
- Fortunately, these titles are interchangeable since they all relate to the same component that performs the job of monitoring the fuel level of a vehicle.
How a fuel sending unit measures fuel tank levels
The float in the gasoline tank will rise or fall in response to the level of fuel in the tank. The pivoting of the metal rod in respect to the float causes the wiper within the variable resistor to move as well. The wiper moves along a strip of resistive material that is linked to a ground on one end, and the intensity of the electric current that flows through the resistor is governed by the distance between the wiper and the ground on the other. The wiper transmits electric current to the fuel gauge, which shows the current fuel level on the vehicle’s dashboard as a result of the transmission.
- As an example, with a full tank of gas, a Ford fuel sending unit will be farther away from the ground than a General Motors fuel sending unit from the same year will be closest to the ground.
- When the gasoline tank is totally filled, the wiper on the resistive material strip is either the closest to the ground or the furthest away from the ground.
- When a vehicle is running low on gasoline, the wiper is either the closest or the furthest away from the ground, depending on where the float is located at the bottom of the metal rods’ motion.
- Consequently, when the gasoline level in the tank and the float decreases, the metal rod that is attached to the float pushes the wiper further or closer to the ground, resulting in either a reduction or an increase in electric current transmitted to the fuel gauge.
The fuel gauge display decreases from full to empty in response to the change in resistance.
What causes a fuel gauge to not work?
While not all faulty fuel sending units behave in the same way when they are malfunctioning, the way the fuel gauge behaves might provide some insight into what is wrong and has to be corrected. Here are various indicators that the gasoline sending unit is malfunctioning, as well as some hypotheses on how and why the fuel sending unit failed.
1. Fuel gauge reading empty when the tank is full
If the float separates from the arm, the remainder of the components in the gasoline sending unit will come to a full halt, resulting in an empty fuel gauge reading on the dashboard. The presence of a malfunctioning resistor can also cause the gauge to read “empty” in rare instances, since it can entirely block the signal. Corroded wires, particularly in the case of a gasoline sending unit positioned on the fuel pump, might cause voltage to be cut off either at the source or at the fuel gauge, depending on the situation.
2. Fuel gauge is stuck on full
A malfunctioning fuel gauge resistor that constantly supplies the fuel gauge with full voltage may be the cause of a fuel gauge that only reads full. When a vehicle utilizes fuel on a regular basis, the fuel sending unit is continually in motion, resulting in constant movement of the wiper in the variable resistor, which causes the variable resistor to move. Over time, this can cause the resistive material strip to become worn out, resulting in an open circuit. Another possibility is a flaw in the wiring from the fuel sending unit to the fuel gauge, which would result in a shorted signal, or a poor ground wire to the grounding terminal, which would result in a shorted signal.
3. Fuel gauge fluctuates between empty and full
It is possible that a mechanical issue is causing the fuel gauge to appear as fluctuating between empty and full. Occasionally, the gasoline sending unit float arm will become stuck at certain levels and will fall back into position spontaneously or with the assistance of vehicle movement. Once the float arm is properly repositioned, the fuel gauge returns to its accurate readings. In many cases, this incident can be repeated, providing more proof of mechanical breakdown. In rare instances, a defective fuel gauge may also be the source of the problem.
Can you ruin your engine running your gas tank empty?
While a malfunctioning fuel gauge may not render a car undriveable, failing to know the vehicle’s fuel level increases the danger of the vehicle running out of gasoline. However, although going to the gas station is not ideal, running out of gas is also not good for the car’s performance. The lubrication and cooling of a fuel pump are dependent on the flow of gasoline through it. As soon as the gasoline is depleted, the fuel pump will overheat and eventually fail. If a vehicle’s gasoline tank is repeatedly depleted, the fuel pump will eventually fail as a result of the ongoing wear and tear.
It is possible that a blocked fuel system would not only produce performance concerns, but it may also pose a threat to the longevity of other expensive vehicle parts or the engine itself.
While replacing a defective fuel gauge may not be a top priority for most DIYers, it is important to always fill the tank to capacity and be aware of the fuel level at all times – whether for the driver’s safety or for the safety of the vehicle.
How to fix the fuel gauge or fuel sending unit
If your car is suffering any of the above-mentioned problems, there are tests that can be performed to determine whether the problem is with the gasoline sender. We advised that you do all of the checks before entering into the gas tank and that you replace any sending units that are still in working order. A simple remedy, such as replacing a fuse in the instrument cluster, might sometimes be sufficient. Check out our Resource Center article on how to test and repair a gasoline gauge and sending unit for more information on how to fix a gas gauge that is not operating properly.
Instructions on how to install may be found below.
Fuel gauge successfully redampened – no more bouncing!
I felt I’d share my experience with having my “bouncing” fuel gauge repaired in the hopes that what I learnt would be of use to others. As soon as I got my hands on my 1987 Camaro, I noticed that the fuel gauge was bouncing about when the car moved. When the automobile was stationary, the gauge read properly; however, when the car was driving, the gauge was difficult to read since the needle on the gauge was continually going up and down the scale. ) (After an abrupt halt, the needle might practically bounce back and forth between nearly E and F.) I read a number of stories on bouncing fuel gauges in third-generation vehicles.
- Some people believe that this is typical of all third-generation gasoline gauges and that it should be recognized as “normal.” I learnt to drive in my father’s 1982 Berlinetta in the 1980s, so I was well aware that this was not the case.
- However, it was out of the ordinary for the gauge to leap up and down in an underdamped fashion (“bouncing”).
- However, if the gauge is usually correct, with the exception of tracking the sloshing of fuel in the tank, I assume the problem is a lack of fuelgauge dampening in the vehicle.
- Some claim that the sender offers damping, while others claim that a capacitor in the instrument panel does the same.
- Most General Motors gasoline gauges (from at least 1965 through at least the early 1990s) contained a small amount of high viscosity silicone fluid to slow down (or “dampen”) the gauge’s motion.
- The fact that the needle moves far too quickly on the gauge is a dead giveaway that the gauge has a problem.
- In my situation, it was really quick (probably 0.1- 0.2 seconds).
- After contacting a number of instrument repair shops, I discovered that Nichols Speedometer and Instruments (Greensboro, NC) possessed the equipment necessary to re-inject silicone fluid into the fuel gauge’s reservoir.
- In any event, I replaced all of the instruments in the car, and sure enough, the fuel gauge is no longer bouncing about any longer.
As a result, the C2 Corvette owners are fully aware of the issue and frequently recommend having the fuel gauge redampened by a competent gauge restorer. However, because our gasoline gauges operate in the same manner, the answer is the same.
4 Common Gas Gauge Problems and How to Fix Them
There are several possible reasons why your gas gauge is stuck on empty. Here are some of the most prevalent. The gas gauge informs you of the amount of gasoline remaining in your tank and signals when it is time to replenish your vehicle. You may run out of gas unexpectedly if your gas gauge is not functioning properly. In this case, the erroneous information provided by the gauge may be the cause. In addition, while running out of petrol may seem like a small nuisance, it has a number of long-term effects for your car, including increased fuel pump wear and overheating of the fuel pump.
Identifying the root of the problem and developing a strategy for repair are critical steps when your gas gauge is not functioning properly.
How the Gas Gauge Works
The location of the gasoline sending unit may be seen in this cutaway of a fuel tank. The gas gauge system is composed of three fundamental components: the gauge, the sender, and the circuit. A malfunction in one or more of these components will result in the failure of the gas gauge. This item is commonly included in the Gasoline Pump Module, which is a collection of equipment that includes the fuel pump, the strainer, the filter, and the float for the fuel tank. The gasoline sender modifies the voltage received as input, which is normally from the ignition circuit.
- Some systems are wired so that when the gasoline level is high, the low-resistance part is contacted, with the resistance progressively increasing as the fuel level declines.
- Another type of system has the polar opposite wiring (a high fuel level correlates to a high resistance and a low voltage), but it goes through the same procedure.
- Modern sending units are grounded to the electrical system, while some earlier automobiles had sending units that were attached to the body or the frame.
- Others are controlled by an instrument cluster, which in turn receives voltage information from the sending unit, while others are controlled by the sending unit directly.
Common Gas Gauge Issues
The fuel pump module is comprised of the fuel sending unit, which is utilized by the gas gauge to detect and show the level of gasoline in the tank.
The gas gauge is a very basic circuit, but because of its simplicity, each component is critical to the circuit’s operation. Here are four scenarios in which the gas gauge may malfunction.
- The most typical reason for a gas gauge not working is a failure of the sending unit. When the vehicle is moving, the transmitting unit is in continual motion, rubbing the variable resistor on a constant basis. Over time, the contacts might become worn, which can result in an open circuit. Because of this, the gas gauge may interpret voltage feedback from a dead sender as FULL or EMPTY, causing the indicator to peg regardless of the actual fuel level in the tank. Problems with the circuitry might cause the gas gauge to cease operating properly. Depending on where the issue is located, the fuel sender may not have a source voltage, the gas gauge may not have a fuel sender voltage, or the ground for either one may be disrupted, among other possibilities. Trouble can also arise as a result of faulty connections and rust, particularly at the Fuel Pump Module, which is frequently exposed to the elements. Failure of the gas gauge is a less common problem, but it is still a possibility. If the internal circuit is defective, the gas gauge may only operate in a single sector, such as between HALF and FULL or between EMPTY and HALF, if the internal circuit is incorrect. If the internal circuits are shorted, they may peg to either FULL or EMPTY depending on the situation. As a result, the gas gauge will almost certainly stay on the reading of EMPTY and never change
- Instrument Cluster Failure is the least frequent and most expensive problem to repair. In many cases, modern instrument clusters have entirely integrated circuits that do not even have replacement bulbs in them. Whenever a component of the cluster malfunctions, such as the gas gauge, the entire unit must be replaced.
How to Identify the Source of a Gas Gauge Problem
“The electrical wiring diagram is your buddy, and it may assist you in repairing a damaged gas gauge,” repeat to yourself. Gather the following items before you begin checking your gas gauge: an electrical wiring diagram (EWD), a digital multimeter (DMM), and a few simple hand tools to get you started. Then run through the following tests to establish where the problem is coming from and what caused it.
- Instrument cluster self-testing is performed. Many current automobiles and trucks are equipped with an instrument cluster self-test capability, which allows drivers to test computer-controlled instrument clusters without having to stop the vehicle. The process may be found in your owner’s handbook or on the internet (just type in “instrument cluster self-test” on your favorite search engine to find it). When performing the test, the instrument cluster is put through its paces, with the digital lights and readouts being tested, as well as the gauges being swiped through their respective ranges. Pay close attention to whether or not the gas gauge sweeps smoothly from EMPTY to FULL when the tank is empty. It should be noted that some self-test processes, such as the fuel sender test, may cause the gas gauge to halt at 1/4, 1/2, and 3/4 of the tank. It is recommended that the gasoline sender test be performed while the tank is less than HALF full in order to avoid fuel splashing. To begin, check to see that the plug is clean, dry, and devoid of corrosive materials. Double-check to see that the pins are straight and that the connection is completely placed. It’s necessary to remove the fuel pump module in order to control the float arm. Back-probe the connector and check for voltage at this point, while keeping the key in the ON position (but without starting the engine). One of the pins should always have a voltage of 5 V or 12 V applied to it. One of the other pins will be used to provide voltage feedback to the gas meter. While moving the float arm up or down, the output voltage should grow or drop gradually, depending on whether you’re increasing or decreasing the output voltage. Ensure that the circuit between the transmitting unit and the ignition or its voltage source is not faulty if the input voltage is wrong. If the output voltage is wrong, it is probable that you have an issue with the transmitting unit. You most likely have an issue with the circuit between the transmitting unit and the gas gauge if your input and output voltages are both right. The gas gauge was put to the test. When checking the voltage at the gas gauge, be sure to check the voltage at the transmitting unit as well. When you tested at the transmitting unit, the voltage should have been precisely the same as when you measured here. The presence of a voltage difference indicates the presence of corrosion or bad wiring between the transmitting unit and the gas gauge.
However, be cautious when dealing with modern computer-controlled instrument clusters and gas gauges, which can be difficult to diagnose and fix due to their complexity. To prevent making costly mistakes while troubleshooting complex systems, it’s usually a good idea to consult with a specialist.