Bleeding ABS brakes? (Question)

In general, whenever you are bleeding an ABS-equipped vehicle you can do so exactly as you would any other vehicle – stroke the pedal to pressurize the system, open a bleeder, close the same bleeder, and repeat. This does not change whether you are pressure-bleeding, vacuum-bleeding, or manual-bleeding.

Do I need to bleed ABS module?

If you felt that the brake pedal is so spongy or soft, then this is the first sign that your ABS module and the whole braking system needs to be bled to get rid of the excess air that in the brake system. This may occur some problems to the ABS system or it may get weaker.

How do you bleed ABS without a scan tool?

Following are the steps required to meet the module:

  1. Step 1: Get ready. First, make sure your car is in a well-lit place.
  2. Step 2: Release brake fluid and change new oil.
  3. Step 3: Loosen Bleeder.
  4. Step 4: Get someone’s help.
  5. Step 5: Pour new liquid into the cylinder.

How do I get air out of my ABS system?

Turn the ignition on and apply light pressure on the brake pedal. Open the bleeder screw and allow the fluid to flow until clear. Close the screw and do the same at the second bleeder screw. Depressurize the accumulator by pumping the pedal 40 times with the key off.

Can you bleed brakes with one person?

Gravity is the simplest one-person brake bleeding method. Attach the hose to the bleed screw, open it up, and watch old brake fluid and air flow out of the lines like water through the Aqua Virgo aqueduct on the way to Rome.

Will air in brake lines cause ABS light to come on?

Like most of the braking system, the ABS too relies on hydraulic brake fluid in order to control the pressure. A low level of fluid in the reservoir could prevent ABS from doing its job which can make the ABS light stay on. Too much air in the system is another probable cause of it.

Can you gravity bleed ABS brakes?

Bleeding brakes by gravity This method works for nearly all modern cars, and anything as long as the master cylinder is up high on the firewall, above the level of the wheels. Close the bleeder screw and top off the master cylinder. Repeat on the other rear brake, this time taking a lunch break. Top off the fluid.

Can I drive with a bad ABS module?

You can still drive without a functional ABS control module, as long as there’s no problem with your conventional brake system. However, take extra care, especially in wet or slick conditions, as the brakes’ anti-lock element won’t work, and you likely won’t have steering control if your tires lock up.

Can ABS cause soft brake pedal?

Vehicles equipped with ABS have a hydraulic assembly also called an ABS modulator. This assembly contains multiple internal solenoids and valves. An internal failure, corrosion or debris in the brake fluid can cause a valve not to operate properly, resulting in a low or spongy pedal.

Do you bleed brakes with engine on or off?

Brakes are bled with the engine off. A running engine supplies a vacuum boost to the brake system. To properly bleed all the air from the system, there needs to be NO boost. Just pump the brake pedal until a solid pedal is felt, then bleed each caliper (if equipped) until the air is evacuated.

What size hose is needed for bleeding brakes?

3/16-inches by 5/16-inches is typically the perfect size. Once you start bleeding the brakes, the tubing will feed the fluid and trapped air bubbles into the jar for easy cleanup.

How do you get air out of your brakes without bleeding?

How to Get the Air Out of Brake Lines

  1. Step 1: Find the bleeder. A screw and hose are located under the brake system and will be used to bleed the brake fluid.
  2. Step 2: Use the plastic hose.
  3. Step 3: Using the braking system.
  4. Step 4: Refilling the system.
  5. Step 5: Repeat the procedure.
  6. Step 6: Check the brakes.

Can you bleed brakes without a tube?

One way is to put fluid into the reservoir while the bleed valve is open and wait for a clean constant flow. If you are trying to flush/bleed brakes without using a hose or use a proper bleeder tool, then have someone else do the job rather then make a amateur mess of the job.

Bleeding Anti Lock Brakes

The shop will not function properly if cookies are deactivated on your computer or device. published on behalf of scR motorsports ( by James Walker, Jr. Overall, bleeding an ABS-equipped car may be accomplished in the same manner as bleeding any other vehicle: pressurize the system by pressing the accelerator pedal, open a bleeding valve, close that same bleeding valve, and repeat the process. This is true regardless of whether you are pressure bleeding, vacuum bleeding, or manually bleeding the system.

Operative Word: Most

Fortunately, with some ABS devices, you are effectively finished regardless of the outcome (Delphi’s early ABS VI, for example). You are completed when you have bled as described above. It should be noted that there are some exceptional circumstances in which a diagnostic bleed of these early ABS devices will be performed by the store, however this is outside the scope of this paper. Stop reading and go get something to drink. Alternatively, other ABS devices (such as the Bosch ABS5.3) have their own internal reservoirs that are not a part of the primary braking circuit and are only opened to the rest of the circuit when the ABS is activated.

While driving, the “old” fluid (which never had to be bled due to the fact that it was disguised) would be spilled into the primary circuit as soon as the ABS cycled – even for a few hundredths of a second.

The Factory Procedure

It is necessary to use a Dealer service tool (which looks like a Nintendo GameBoy) for these systems in order to properly bleed the brakes throughout the car. This tool allows you to cycle the ABS valves and/or the pump motor while you are bleeding the brakes. It effectively helps you to uncover the secret pathways, allowing you to totally expel the fluid. After that, new fluid is pulled into the ABS unit, and the old fluid may be flushed away with the rest of the sludge and debris. There’s nothing to it.

Step 2 – Install the service tool and run all of the valves and/or pumps for a few minutes.

Ultimately, you will have bled the system twice, but this is important to guarantee that new fluid – and NOT used fluid – is pulled into the unit when the ABS valves (and/or pump) are cycled the next time the vehicle is driven.

The 75% Answer

Of course, the remaining quarter of the equation is “does my automobile have these strange underground passages?” That is something you will have to discover for yourself, however the following information should be helpful in your hunt for ABS information. As with any technology, manufacturers have developed a number of different forms of ABS throughout the years, and it is simply impossible to include them all here. Most contemporary ABS product offerings – such as the Bosch ABS5.7 and Bosch ABS5.3 and Delphi’s DBC7 – all contain the secret channels and would require the above-mentioned operation to be performed on them.

What is our recommendation?

If they assert that they must cycle the ABS, it’s a safe bet that you will be required to do so as well.

But What If I Don’t Have The Dealer Service Tool?

Instead of Step2 above, if you truly feel the need to cycle the valves but don’t have access to a service tool (or if the dealer isn’t willing to loan theirs), you COULD just substitute “go driving and hit the brakes a few times to make the ABS function” to flush the spent fluid from the unit. This is typically not the most efficient or socially responsible approach, despite the fact that it appears to operate perfectly well. You’ll still have to bleed the car a second time, but you’ll save money by not having to purchase the servicing tool.

But what about when I’m at the track?

You should keep in mind that this is the procedure for flushing and filling your entire system. It is sufficient to bleed the brakes as you usually would if you are merely replacing or doing any other operation in which you are simply attempting to bleed vapor and/or used fluid from the wheel-end components (such as after a long day of lapping). similar to Step 1 above. In this case, there is no necessity to cycle the ABS, as you are only seeking to extract vapor from the brake calipers. As a result, if you flush and fill your system only once a year, you will not have to do the ABS cycle procedure.or even think about the service tool.for the remainder of the year.

Bleeding ABS Brake Systems

Getting Started,Automotive Repair Library,Auto Parts, Accessories, and Tools Equipment,Manuals Books, a car BLOG, links, and an index AA1Car retains ownership of the copyright. A braking system can get contaminated with air whenever it is opened to repair components such as the calipers, the wheel cylinders, the master cylinder or brake lines or hoses, among other things. If you desire a strong brake pedal, the air must be removed from the system by bleeding the brakes. The pedal will feel soft and spongy if there is air trapped in the lines, calipers, or wheel cylinders of the vehicle.

As a general rule, the brake circuits on most cars equipped with anti-lock brakes can be bled in the conventional manner, provided that no air has entered the ABS modulator assembly.

The brakes can be bled by hand, with a power bleeder, injector tool, or a vacuum bleeder, among other methods.

It is customary to bleed the brake that is the furthest away from the master cylinder first, followed by bleed the other brake that is connected to the same hydraulic circuit (which may be the other rear brake on a rear-wheel drive car or truck, or the opposite front brake on a front-wheel drive car or minivan).

  1. Begin by bleing the brake circuit that is furthest from the master cylinder.
  2. AlldataDIY or the OEM Service Information Websites are excellent resources for this type of information.
  3. Suppose you replaced the master cylinder, brake lines, or the valve in front of the ABS modulator.
  4. If you had to change the modulator or high pressure accumulator, how would you handle it?
  5. Because of the numerous nooks and crannies within an ABS modulator assembly, removing air from the device can be a challenging task.
  6. Some ABS modulators are equipped with unique bleed screws that aid in the venting of trapped air during the bleeding process.

Many others do not, and the use of a scan tool to cycle the ABS solenoids as you bleed the system is required in these cases. Let’s take a look at various bleeding techniques for several typical General Motors ABS systems to have a better understanding of what could be necessary.


The Delco ABS-VI anti-lock brake system was first offered as an option on Saturn, Buick Skylark, Oldsmobile Cutlass Calais, and Pontiac Grand Am models in 1991. Since then, it has been installed on a wide range of General Motors front-wheel-drive vehicles, including the Chevrolet Lumina and APV, Chevrolet Beretta, Corsica, and Cavalier, Pontiac Grand Prix, Sunbird, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, and Buick The Delco VI system is a nonintegral anti-lock braking system (ABS) that uses a traditional master brake cylinder and power booster as its primary components.

  1. Even though it has four wheel-speed sensors, it is just a three-channel vehicle.
  2. The hydraulic modulator and motor pack assembly are connected to the master cylinder through a hose.
  3. An essential servicing point to keep in mind is that if the master cylinder and modulator are detached from one another, the two lower transfer tubes and O-rings must be changed.
  4. Two isolation solenoid valves, four check balls, and a motor pack containing three bidirectional direct current motors with electromagnetic brakes and/or expansion spring brakes (ESBs) are all included in the modulator assembly.
  5. The modulator motor pack, isolation solenoid valves, gear cover, and individual gears are all replaceable elements that may be changed individually if they become damaged.
  6. The standard bleeding sequence is as follows: right rear, left rear, right front, left front, right rear, left front.
  7. Failure to perform this step will result in the inability to bleed the back brake lines.
  8. After that, you may order the rear motor to drive the pistons back to their starting positions.
  9. There are two, so make sure you open the one on the right.
  10. Retighten the screw and then bleed both front brakes sequentially, starting with the right one.

After a period of inactivity, the controller will restart the system by instructing the rear motor to return to its home position. As soon as this occurs, you should bring the car to a complete stop and bleed the back brakes.


The Delphi DBC-7 ABS Antilock Brake System, which was introduced on the 1999 Buick Regal and Century, as well as the Chevrolet Tracker, is the replacement to the older Delco ABS-VI system. It was introduced in 2000 and superseded ABS-VI on the Chevrolet Impala, Monte Carlo, Malibu, Cavalier, and Venture, as well as the Pontiac Sunfire and Montana, and the Oldsmobile Cutlass and Silhouette, among other vehicles. In contrast to the older ABS-VI system, the DBC-7 system does not employ motor-driven plungers to cycle pressure in the brake lines as it did with the earlier system.

  1. The Brake Pressure Modulator Valve includes two accumulators and one inlet (application) valve for each brake channel.
  2. Consequently, the BPMV comprises a total of six ABS valves for three channel system applications, eight ABS valves for four channel system applications, and ten ABS valves if the vehicle is equipped with traction control (TCS) technology.
  3. When the EBCM delivers a ground to complete the circuit, the solenoid for each valve is energized, and the circuit is complete.
  4. In order to facilitate identification, the lines are color coded as follows: the left rear is purple, the right rear is yellow, the left front is red, and the right front is green.
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Individual brake lines can be bled using standard bleeding techniques as long as no air has reached the ABS modulator during the bleeding process. It is necessary to bleed the system if air has entered the modulator, and this may be accomplished with a pressure bleeder and a scan tool.

  1. Connect the pressure bleeder to the reservoir of the master cylinder
  2. And Start the engine by turning the key in the ignition. Pressurize the system to 35 psi while keeping the bleeder screws tight. On the scan tool, select the Automatic Bleed Procedure option from the drop-down menu. The ABS solenoids in the BPMV will be energized and cycled for one minute by the scan tool after that. Following that, the scan tool will urge you to bleed each tire individually. During this stage, the pump is activated and the release valve is cycled for one minute, completing the cycle. This is done for each of the wheels in turn. Finally, the scan tool cycles the ABS solenoids for a final 20 seconds in order to remove any leftover air from the system. Remove the bleed tool from the master cylinder after it has been used to relieve pressure. Afterwards, check the pedal height and feel to ensure that all of the air has been released and that the pedal is firm


Corvettes were fitted with a Bosch 5 anti-lock braking system starting in 1995, which superseded the preceding Bosch ABS/ASR system. The Bosch 5 system was also installed on the Chevrolet Caprice and Impala from 1996 to 1999, as well as the Buick Estate Wagon and Roadmaster, and the Cadillac Deville, Eldorado, Fleetwood, and Seville. Because solenoids are used for each braking circuit in the modulator assembly rather than unique bleeder valves or a particular scan tool bleed technique, the modulator assembly is easy to maintain.

The order is as follows: right rear, left rear, right front, left front, right rear, left front, right front, left front.


Integral anti-lock braking systems (ABS) were phased out a long time ago, but you may still come across this sort of ABS system on some older automobiles. The Delco III Powermaster system was installed in the 1989-91 Buick Regal, Oldsmobile Cutlass, and Pontiac Grand Prix and GTU models, among other GM vehicles. It performs in a manner similar to the Teves Mark 2, Bosch III, and Bendix 9 and Bendix 10 integrated ABS systems that were previously installed in earlier General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler automobiles.

  1. As a general rule, depressurizing the accumulator is required prior to performing any sort of brake repair work.
  2. This is accomplished by firmly pressing the brake pedal 40 times while the engine is turned off.
  3. All of these solutions require that the key be turned off in order to prevent the ABS pump from pressurizing the accumulator.
  4. On General Motors automobiles, the standard order is right rear, left rear, right front, and left front, respectively.

On older General Motors vehicles equipped with the Powermaster III anti-lock braking system, the following is the suggested procedure:

  1. There are two bleeder screws in the modulator that are used to bleed the isolation valves. Begin with the one that is closest to the engine. Start the vehicle by turning on the ignition and applying light pressure to the brake pedal. Activate the bleeder screw and let the fluid to drain until it becomes clear. Close the bleeder screw and repeat the process at the second bleeder screw
  2. Depressurize the accumulator by pressing the pedal 40 times while the key is not in the ignition. Allow for about two minutes for the brake fluid to de-aerate before refilling the fluid reservoir with DOT 3 brake fluid. At this point, you can bleed the boost section of the vehicle. This is accomplished by putting moderate pressure to the brake pedal while simultaneously turning on the ignition for three seconds and then shutting it off. This should be done a total of ten times. After you have completed, check to see that the brake pedal is firm and that the automobile is roadworthy to ensure that the brakes are in perfect operating order. Nota bene: If you have a Tech 2 scan instrument, you may do a solenoid bleed test in addition to the others. This will cause the hold and release solenoids to cycle, allowing air to be expelled from the booster.


A Kelley-Hayes 4WALABS system is described in detail in Dodge Technical Service Bulletin 05-03-94 for a Dodge truck. The brakes can be bled manually with vacuum or pressure equipment if the front ABS valve has not been replaced in the following order: master cylinder, rear anti-lock valve, combination valve, front anti-lock valve, left rear wheel, right rear wheel, right front wheel, and lastly the left front wheel (if applicable). Only one valve or wheel brake unit should be bled at a time. If the master cylinder is being changed, the master cylinder should be bench bled before it is installed.

  1. To loosen the bleed plug on the new front valve, spin it a quarter to one full turn. The plug must be fully opened in order to completely bleed the top and lower parts of the front anti-lock valve. Remove the cover from the stem of the bleed valve
  2. Install the specific Valve Depressor Tool 6670 on the stem of the bleed valve. Slide the notched side of the tool onto the boss that surrounds the stem of the bleed valve. To completely bleed the upper part of the replacement valve assembly, the stem must be kept inward (in the open position). Remove valve stem from valve stem 6670 and tighten the thumbscrew on the bleed tool 6670 just enough to press the stem forward by 0.51-0.76 mm (0.020-0030 in.). Use the brake pedal to slow down. When the bleed plug is properly opened and the bleed valve stem is correctly unseated (pushed inward) by the tool, the pedal will detach substantially. Stroke the brake pedal 5 to 10 times in fast succession. This motion will fill the top and lower parts of the valve in a short period of time. Each brake line fitting should have a new valve assembly installed and bled one at a time. Always remember to shut the valve bleed plug before pressing the brake pedal. Allow fluid to flow from fittings until clear and free of bubbles
  3. Then remove depressor tool from valve stem and put cap on valve stem to complete bleed procedure. Then tighten the bleed plug to a torque of 7-9 Nm (60-84 in.-lbs)

It is important to note that if the original front ABS valve assembly is still in place, the bleed plug and bleed valve do not need to be opened during the bleeding process. Simply bleed the valve assembly at each brake line fitting one at a time until it is completely drained. As a last point, always consult the manufacturer’s service documentation to see whether any extra procedures or tools are necessary while working on ABS brakes.

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For more information about the ABS Guide, please visit this page. A fast reference training guide on the fundamentals of anti-lock braking systems, including diagnosis and service.

More Brake Articles:

Brake Fluid is a hot topic right now. Brakes are being bled. Fixes for the Most Common Brake Issues Antilock Brakes (also known as anti-lock braking systems) (ABS) Application Diagram for the ABS System (by vehicle year, makemodel) ABS is a new acronym. Diagnostic Testers are used to diagnose problems. ABS is being pulled. Diagnostic Codes are a type of code that may be used to diagnose a problem. Brembo Anti-Lock Brakes (HONDA) Chrysler Dodge Plymouth Minivan (Chrysler Dodge Plymouth Minivan) Bendix 10 Antilock Brakes are a brand of antilock brakes.

Teves Mark 20 Antilock Brakes are a type of antilock brake that is used to stop a vehicle.

Need Factory ABS Service Manual Information for Your Vehicle?

Mitchell 1 eautorepair guides for do-it-yourselfers Make sure to check out our other websites as well: You Can Do Your Own Auto Repair AUTOMOTIVE SOFTWAREOBD2HELPRandom-MisfireScan Tool HelpTROUBLE-CODES Carley Automotive Software

4 Simple Steps on How To Bleed Your Car Brakes

Is your brake pedal mushy when you press it? Has the braking distance of your vehicle increased? Is it necessary for you to apply greater pressure to the brake pedal than you previously did? If you are experiencing any of these issues, it is necessary to bleed your brakes. Using this text, we’ll show you how to bleed and flush your brakes without the help of an expert. Before we get started, it’s important to have a basic grasp of how your car’s brakes function. DISCLAIMER: These are just a few pointers to keep in mind when performing simple auto repairs on your vehicle.

The real outcomes will be determined by your ability to comprehend and follow the procedures in the correct order. If you do not have prior expertise with this sort of job or believe that you may not be able to do it correctly, seek the assistance of a qualified professional.

How Do Brakes Work?

Hydraulic brakes are used in practically all modern automobiles. They function by forcing a pressurized fluid via a tube. As a result of pressing the brake pedal all the way down, pressure is built up in the brake lines. The same amount of pressure is given to the brake calipers, which in turn force the brake pads against the brake discs, slowing the vehicle down. To put it another way, that is a simplistic description of how brakes function. Where does the process of bleeding the brakes come into play?

When Do You Need to Bleed Your Brakes?

Because liquids cannot be compressed, the fundamental premise upon which the brakes of a car or any other hydraulic system operate is that liquids cannot be compressed. If air is introduced into the system, the equilibrium is thrown off. It is possible to compress air. Accordingly, when air is present in the brake lines and you apply pressure to them, only a little amount of force will be applied to the brake pads and no force will be applied at all. The following are the circumstances in which you should bleed your brakes.

  • If the brake pedal is mushy and not firm, the brakes are not working properly. When it takes your automobile longer than normal to come to a complete stop
  • If there is a leak in any part of the braking lines, you must bleed them immediately. Not only can leaks allow fluid to escape, but they can also allow air bubbles to enter the braking system. If your brake pads are worn out and you replace them, you will save money. Braking with worn-out pads can cause the master cylinder to be drained, which can result in air being introduced into the system. Because of the heat created by the brakes, if you brake excessively for an extended period of time, such as while descending an incline or during a race, the brake fluid may begin to boil. The brakes may become less effective as a result of this.

One thing must be kept in mind at all times. Brakes are the single most crucial component of any automobile, and you don’t want to take any risks when it comes to their performance. Immediately bleed the brakes if you even get the smallest suggestion. Brake bleeds should be performed once a year as part of preventative maintenance as well. We’ll go through how to properly bleeding brakes in detail so that you can perform it at home on your own.

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How Do You Bleed Brakes by Draining Them?

The concept behind bleeding the brakes on your automobile is really straightforward. Make a hole in the lowest position of the brake line and allow all of the fluid to drain out of the system before continuing. Let’s have a look at the real brake bleeding procedure.

Step 1 – Locate the Bleed Valve/Screw

Fortunately, automobile manufacturers provide a bleed valve/screw for bleeding the brakes in their vehicles. In most cases, it may be found near the bottom of the brake caliper assembly. The exact position of the bleed valve may be found in the owner’s handbook or by conducting an online search.

Step 2 – Gather the things You Need

Once you’ve discovered the bleed valve, you’ll need to find out what tool you’ll need to use to open it. The majority of the time, a flathead screwdriver will enough. You’ll need the following items to complete this procedure:

  • An instrument for opening the bleed valve. It might be anything from a screwdriver to a spanner. Brake fluid catch pan to gather all of the brake fluid
  • Brake fluid that meets the specifications of the vehicle manufacturer. If at all feasible, use a pressurized container. The use of a vacuum pump is optional.

Step 3 – Drain

This is the procedure in which you empty the brake lines to release any trapped air, which is known as bleeding. This can be accomplished in a variety of ways. Remove the cap from the master cylinder as a starting point. After that, remove the bleed valve/screw. After that, you can use one of the four ways listed below to remove the brake fluid from the brake lines. 1.

  • Gravity is the most straightforward and straightforward strategy, but it will take some time to master. Immediately after opening the bleed valve, position the catch can beneath it and allow gravity to pull all of the brake fluid out of the vehicle. In addition, the fluid flows out in an uneven pattern, which causes some confusion. Prepare to clean everything after gravity has completed its task
  • Pressure can be utilized to expedite the cleaning process if necessary. This will need the use of a pressurized brake fluid bottle. Attach the container to the master cylinder, and the fluid will be forced out of the lines. (See illustration) Once the fluid begins to flow continuously and without bubbles, you have completed the process. The brake pedal can also be useful in certain situations. Immediately after you have opened the bleed valve, have someone repeatedly press the brake pedal. The pressure exerted by the brake pedal will accelerate the flow of fluid out of the cylinder. It is also possible to employ a vacuum to expedite the bleeding of brake lines when necessary. For this, you will require the use of a vacuum bleeder. You may obtain one by renting it from your local parts store.

Step 4 – Refill the Brake Fluid

Once all of the liquid has been squeezed out of the braking lines, the system must be refilled in order for it to function properly. One thing to keep in mind is that you must top out the brake lines with the brake fluid recommended by the automobile manufacturer. Here’s how to properly fill it:

  • Pour the liquid into the master cylinder and make certain that it is kept at the highest level at all times
  • And Immediately after the brake fluid begins to flow continuously from the bleed valve, press the brake pedal a few times while checking that the fluid level is at its maximum
  • When you’re finished, simply close the valve.

How Do You Bleed Brakes Without Draining Them?

It is also possible to bleed the brakes without needing to empty them first.

You’ll need a brake bleed kit if you want to do it yourself. The way it works is as follows.

  • Purchase a DIY brake bleed kit for your automobile. Attach the plastic tube that comes with the kit to the bleed valve and then insert the other end of the tube into the master cylinder to complete the installation. Continue to press down on the brake pedal and the brake fluid will be pumped back to the master cylinder, therefore removing any air from the system. If your brake fluid is brand new and you don’t want to waste it, this is the ideal way for you.

Cautions for Bleeding Brake Fluid

For your automobile, invest in a self-bleeding brake kit. Using the plastic tubing that comes with the kit, connect it to the bleed valve and then insert one end of it into the master cylinder. Repeatedly pressing the brake pedal will cause the brake fluid to be cycled back to the master cylinder and the air to be evacuated. If your brake fluid is brand new and you don’t want to waste it, this is the ideal way to use.

  • Never work on your brakes just after you have returned from a driving session. The brake lines and the fluid contained within them can get quite hot. Brake fluid has the potential to be carcinogenic. When interacting with it, always use latex gloves to protect your hands. Allowing the brake fluid to come into touch with the brake pads or discs is not recommended. It has the potential to produce lubrication and reduce the braking effectiveness of the vehicle. When replacing the brake lines, always use the brake fluid recommended by the manufacturer. In the event that there is a leak in the brake lines, you must first repair the leak before you may bleed and refill the brake lines. Brake fluid should never be re-used.

WhenDon’t You Need to Bleed the Brakes?

Many braking issues cannot be traced back to air in the brake lines, including squealing and grinding. The following are examples of these issues:

  • It is more likely that the problem is with the ABS module than it is with the brake lines if the brake pedal feels firm yet the ABS is not working. If your brakes are making noise, you should get the rotors and pads replaced immediately. The presence of air in the brake lines is the source of this problem. In the event that your brakes do not function properly when you brake frequently, the fault is with the pads rather than the brake lines. Unless the brakes have a tendency to lock up and the pedal does not return to the neutral position quickly enough, the problem is not due to a bleeding problem. The e-brake cable, rather than the brake fluid or air in the lines, is more likely to be the source of the problem if your e-brake is not functioning properly.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the proper procedure for bleeding the brakes? When bleeding automobile brakes, the right order is to open the bleed valve, allow the brake fluid to be expelled by gravity, pressure, or vacuum, then refill the system before closing the bleed valve again. What is the best way to get air out of brake lines? Refill the brake lines once they have been bled to remove any remaining air from the system. Is it possible to make a home-made brake bleeder that truly works? Yes, it is correct. It can be used to recycle brake fluid and remove the air that has accumulated in it.

  • If everything goes according to plan, the entire process should not take more than an hour.
  • If you wish to use the brake pedal to force brake fluid out of the system, the automobile must be turned on with the engine running.
  • When changing brake pads, do you need to bleed the brakes?
  • Is it possible to bleed ABS brakes?

How to Bleed and Flush Your Brakes the Right Way

Even the most recent set of brake pads will not be enough to protect you from the dreaded mushy brake pedal. Perhaps you’ve observed that even after replacing out your brake pads, you still have to press your brake pedal all the way into the floorboard to come to a complete stop. Fresh, thick pads should have pushed that pedal back up to where it belonged, but they didn’t work at all. Your brake pedal is likely to feel spongy, and it might be difficult to tell when the brakes begin to bite precisely.

Replacement of the old brake fluid, as well as the removal of all of the air from the system, are required.

Why Your Brakes Get Spongy

Breathing in air through your braking system is possible through several distinct routes; however, all of these routes need the use of brake fluid. Your brakes are a hydraulic system, which means that fluid is required for them to function properly. As soon as you press your foot down on the brake pedal, brake fluid is forced out to the brakes on all four corners of your vehicle. It is the fluid that is being forced into the brake caliper that forces the brake pads inward, causing them to press down on the rotor and slow the car down through friction.

  1. Even though the front brakes do the most of the work, many automobiles still have drum brakes in the back.
  2. $4.94 As brake pads wear down, more fluid is required to force them on the braking surface.
  3. Given that air compresses considerably more easily than liquid, the bubbles in your brake lines serve as a very soft spring in the solid column of braking fluid between your foot and the brake calipers or drums.
  4. The best thing to do while you’re bleeding out the air bubbles in the system is to completely wash out all of the old fluid and replace it with fresh fluid.
  5. As a result of the absorption of moisture from the air, brake fluid can lose its boiling point, causing it to boil at the bottom of a lengthy downhill gradient or in other situations, such as a track day, where you’re braking frequently or for an extended period of time.
  6. Aside from the fluid itself, high temperatures also damage the alcohol base.
  7. Compared to systems without antilock braking systems, antilock braking systems are much more sensitive to polluted fluid and air.
  8. This can whip up air and brake fluid into a latte-like foam, making the process of draining air out of the system that much more difficult to complete.
  9. Fortunately, any air that gets into the ABS controller can be drained out with ease.

You may avoid these ABS difficulties by remembering to bleed and flush your brake fluid on a regular basis, which is a simple task that you can complete at home.

Let It Bleed

In order to correctly bleed the brakes, you must first obtain around sixteen ounces of new brake fluid. A can that has not been opened has a lengthy shelf life, but one that has been opened should be thrown away within a few weeks. Place the car on jackstands and remove all four wheels from the vehicle. After that, check to see whether the bleeder valves may be loosened. Due to the fact that a crescent wrench or vise-grip may shred the edges of the bleeder bolt, it will be difficult to remove it with anything other than a box wrench that fits the bolt.

  1. For the time being, loosen these bolts but keep them closed.
  2. If you are unable to turn the bleeder valves without breaking them, it is possible that the brake calipers or wheel cylinders need to be replaced.
  3. It’s more easy to shatter or strip them than you may believe.
  4. As you bleed the system, be sure to top out the reservoir with new fluid on a regular basis.
  5. Following that, you’ll require a kitchen tool: A little baster for roasting turkey.
  6. With a clean, lint-free rag, remove any silt that has accumulated in the now-empty reservoir.
  7. Avoid letting it spill on your wheels or bodywork at all costs.
  8. Lucas Oil Brake FluidLucas Lucas Oil Brake Fluid $14.80 Get a piece of transparent plastic tubing that will fit snugly over the end of the bleeder bolt after you’ve cleaned the reservoir with alcohol.
  9. One end of the tube should be placed over the brake bleeder bolt located in the rear passenger-side corner of the vehicle (or whichever corner is furthest from the brake fluid reservoir).
  10. This will prevent air from being sucked back into the brake cylinder or caliper.

Fill the empty master cylinder reservoir with new fluid until it reaches the maximum fill line, then replace the reservoir lid. When a pedal is depressed, fluid might spew out of an open reservoir every few seconds.

Cue the Helper

Your assistant should be someone who can follow directions to the letter, but even someone wearing a white dress might perform this task because they will not be required to crawl around or get dirty in any way. Place your assistant in the driver’s seat and instruct her to wait for your commands. Here’s how it works: You use the word “down.” Your assistant depresses the brake pedal all the way down with approximately the same amount of power as is required to keep the automobile from moving ahead at a traffic signal, if possible.

  1. Inform your assistant that the brake pedal is about to lose pressure and sink to the stop you’ve placed behind it on the floor, but that they must continue to push the pedal despite this warning.
  2. Your bottle will most likely have a few clear bubbles in it because some of the old, tainted fluid will have flowed down the tube and into your bottle.
  3. After that, you say “up.” Your assistant confirms by pressing the “up” button on the pedal and removing their foot from the pedal.
  4. Any motions that are out of order here have the potential to suck air into the caliper.
  5. It might be difficult to remove a bleeder bolt after it has become stuck.
  6. Do you have ABS?
  7. Fill the brake fluid reservoir with new fluid every six to eight pumps, or as needed.
  8. Fortunately, most reservoirs feature a “Minimum” line for this purpose, so check to see if yours does as well and make sure that your braking fluid never drops below that level.
  9. Continue to repeat the procedure with your assistant until clear, bubble-free fluid emerges from your tube.
  10. The goal is to work your way inwards from the calipers that are the furthest away from your braking fluid reservoir in order to get the gross fluid in the system’s farthest reaches out first.

Make sure you’re filling off the brake fluid reservoir as you go by closing the bleeder screw whenever you’re through with each corner. Finally, fill the brake fluid reservoir to the maximum fill line, reinstall the wheels, and do a test drive to ensure that the problem has been resolved.

Air Breather

If you have an older car that does not have an antilock braking system, this procedure will work well even if you have added extra air to the system after replacing a caliper or brake cylinder, according to the manufacturer. Even a modern system with ABS can benefit from this technique because it removes the majority of the large bubbles. If, on the other hand, there is still some sponginess in those ABS-equipped brakes, you may wish to bleed the ABS controller as a precaution. Your car’s service handbook will provide you with the necessary information on how to properly bleed the antilock braking system in your vehicle.

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Bleeding Out

When doing a standard brake job (replacing brake pads and/or shoes, as well as maybe the rotors and drums), it is recommended that the braking system be bled to eliminate any remaining air from the brake lines. Most of the time, there will be very little, if any, air present. That most likely indicates that the hydraulic system has not been opened to allow air to enter it. When a braking system repair necessitates the disassembly of the hydraulic system, air will be drawn into the system. It is necessary to purify the air.

  1. Failure to remove this air from the hydraulic system, often known as bleeding, can result in a soft, spongy brake pedal feel as well as diminished braking effectiveness.
  2. When the brake pedal is depressed, the hydraulic pressure is delivered evenly at each wheel, bringing the car to a complete stop.
  3. Because of this, the hydraulic pressure does not remain constant during ABS braking; rather, it is controlled to prevent any wheel from locking.
  4. The Integrated Control Unit (ICU) is in charge of regulating the pressure (ICU).
  5. This building and release of hydraulic pressure was performed in the days before anti-lock braking systems (ABS).
  6. The ABS is doing the same function as the driver (pushing the brake pedal), however it is doing it much more quickly than is humanly feasible.
  7. Furthermore, as is the case with a basic brake system (one that does not have an anti-lock braking system), air in the HCU will inhibit appropriate and safe braking performance.

Brake systems equipped with anti-lock braking systems (ABS) must be bled as two separate brake systems.

It is necessary to bleed the ABS section of the braking system independently.

When bleeding the ABS, the sequence of procedures outlined below must be followed to ensure full and sufficient bleeding is accomplished.

Afterwards, plug in the scan tool to the diagnostics (OBDII) port on the vehicle.

Attach a transparent tube (1) to the bleeder screw on the first wheel to be bled, and then remove the tube (1).

Figure 1 – A tube linked to a bleed screw is seen.

Ensure that the base brake system is bled. It is advised that you do pressure bleeding to confirm that all air has been removed from the system. Manual bleeding can also be used, but it will take more time and will be more difficult. The following is the order in which the brakes should be bled:

  1. Left rear wheel
  2. Right front wheel
  3. Left rear wheel
  4. Left front wheel
  5. Right rear wheel

If pressure builds up when bleeding the base system, connect the fluid hose from the pressure bleeder (2) to the special cap (1) on the master cylinder (3) and remove the pressure bleeder (2). (seeFigure 2). It is necessary to turn the bleeder screw at least one full turn in order to achieve a consistent outflow of brake fluid. Close the bleeder screw after roughly 4-8 ounces of brake fluid has been drained from the system. NOTE: Before closing the bleed screw, check to see that the brake fluid is flowing freely and without any air bubbles.

  • Before going to bleed the next wheel, make sure that the braking fluid level in the reservoir is at the FULL mark on the reservoir.
  • It should be of high quality.
  • To bleed the brakes manually, have a helper pump the brake pedal three or four times, then hold the brake pedal in place for a few seconds.
  • Close the bleeder screw once the brake pedal has been depressed.
  • This process should be repeated until all of the air has been evacuated from the wheel circuit.
  • Bleed the remaining three wheels in the same manner as you did the first three.
  • It should be of high quality.

The ABS element of the brake system should be bled after the basic brake system has been bled.

Check the service handbook for the vehicle that is being fixed for information on individual scan tool display options.

Follow the on-screen instructions provided by the scan tool.

NOTICE: The ABS part of the brake system cannot be bled without the use of a scan tool; there are no manual processes for bleeding the HCU in the ABS component of the brake system.

Check the fluid level in the master cylinder once more, and make certain that it is at the maximum possible level.

The brakes should be in perfect working order, and the brake pedal should be solid rather than soft or spongy.

How To Bleed Air From ABS Module?

Following every repair or replacement of a component of the braking system, it is necessary to thoroughly bleed the brake system. This entails completely eliminating all of the air from the system. Breathing the brakes is necessary because air compresses easily, and if there is any air in the system, the brake pedal will feel spongy and uncomfortable. As a result, the brake pedal will feel soft and mushy because the air in the system will need to be forced out of the way before the fluid can do what it is designed to accomplish.

Breathing brakes isn’t difficult the most of the time, but what happens if air seeps into the ABS Module? Bleeding the ABS module, on the other hand, can be a bit more difficult, but this guide will walk you through the process.

How to bleed brakes?

Before we get into the specifics of how to bleed the ABS module, we’ll go through how to bleed the brakes briefly first. This is due to the fact that you may believe you have air in the module while in fact the air is located elsewhere in the system. If you are bleeding the ABS module on your own, make sure that the rest of the system is completely clear of air before proceeding. This is because bleeding the ABS module may be difficult for a novice to complete on their own. It is also beneficial to have a companion when it comes to bleeding the air out of the braking system itself.

  • To begin, you must first ensure that you have clean fluid on hand before bleeding the lines.
  • In addition, you should suck out all of the old fluid from your master cylinder.
  • You’ll need a companion to help you extract the rest of the old fluid out of the air, however, because it’s difficult otherwise.
  • Then you instruct your assistant to compress the brake pedal with enough effort to bring the vehicle to a complete halt at a stop sign.
  • New fluid will be sucked in and some old fluid will be released.
  • You must repeat this procedure until the system is flushed with fresh, clean fluid.
  • Starting with a certain brake line, either the front or the rear, will depend on the car being worked on.
  • Depending on the make, model, and year of your vehicle, you will need to check up the necessary information.

Bleeding ABS Module

Because the ABS module has a large number of chambers and moving components, bleeding the ABS module presents a greater challenge than just bleeding the braking system. Most ABS modules are equipped with bleeding valves, although they are frequently insufficient to remove all of the air from the system. The amount of effort required to bleed the ABS module will vary depending on where the trapped air is located, though. The first step in bleeding the ABS module is to start the automobile or turn the key to the position where the battery is connected to the vehicle.

  1. It is critical that the system is under pressure before doing this procedure in order to assist in forcing the air out.
  2. This will result in the dash lights turning on, which is exactly what is intended to happen.
  3. This should allow for the release of fresh air as well as the turning off of the lights.
  4. Some OBD2 scanners are capable of doing the same function.
  5. After that, the fresh brake fluid may be added, which drives even more air out of the system.

Bleeding the ABS ModuleAfter you have used a tool to cycle the valves, you will need to manually bleed the brake lines once more. This is due to the fact that the majority of the air that comes out of the ABS module will be directed into them.

Can you do it at home?

As a result, the issue arises as to whether it is possible to bleed the ABS module at home. Yes, theoretically speaking, it is possible, but it is quite difficult. This is due to the fact that the specialized tool required is somewhat pricey. You may purchase one, and as previously said, top-of-the-line OBD2 scanners can usually do the necessary functions, but they are prohibitively expensive. It is also difficult to do at home since, in order to access the bleeding valves on the ABS module, the automobile must be in the air, which is not always possible.

In fact, bleed the remainder of the braking system manually at home might be a difficult task for the same reason.


As a result, the issue arises as to whether or not it is possible to bleed the ABS module from home. Yes, theoretically speaking, it is possible, but it is extremely difficult to do. The reason for this is the high cost of the specialized tool needed. There are a variety of options available, and as previously said, the best OBD2 scanners can often do the necessary functions, but they are more expensive. Furthermore, it is difficult to do at home since, in order to access the bleeding valves on the ABS module, the vehicle must be lifted into the air (usually).

In fact, bleed the remainder of the braking system manually at home might be a difficult task due to the same reasons.

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