Brake pad types? (Correct answer)

There are four types of brake pads—semi-metallic, non-asbestos organic (NAO), low-metallic NAO, and ceramic—and it’s important to know which type is best for your vehicle.

What are the 3 types of brake pads?

There are three main types of brake pads that you’ll find on passenger vehicles: non-asbestos organic, ceramic and semi-metallic.

Are ceramic or metallic brake pads better?

Ceramic brake pads typically last longer than semi-metallic brake pads, and through their lifespan, provide better noise control and less wear-and-tear to rotors, without sacrificing braking performance.

Which brakes pads are best?

Five Best Car Brake Pads

  • ACDelco 17D1367ACH Professional Ceramic Front Disc Brake Pad Set.
  • Power Stop Z36-1399 Truck & Tow Carbon-Fiber Ceramic Front Brake Pads.
  • Power Stop Z26-1053 Extreme Performance New Formulation Brake Pad.
  • Bosch BC905 QuietCast Premium Ceramic Disc Brake Pad.

Do brake pad types matter?

No matter which type of brake pads you choose when upgrading or replacing your braking system, be sure to do your research. With the right brake pads, you can match your braking power with your horsepower in a straightforward, cost-effective way.

Can you use any type of brake pads?

The brake pads that are found inside of a vehicle are not universal. In other words, each type of car will have their own size and shape requirements for brake pads.

Are all brake pads the same?

Aren’t all brake pads the same? No, almost every vehicle model has a different shape of brake pad. The friction materials that are on the pad are different because almost every vehicle has different requirements and performance capabilities.

What are the longest lasting brake pads?

NRS Brakes’ galvanized steel ensures that the steel does not deteriorate. This means, the NRS brake pads the longest-lasting currently on the market. They also use the patented SHARK-Metal technology instead of a simple adhesive, to mechanically attach the friction pad to the plate.

Are Copper free brake pads better?

Many of these new reduced-copper and copper-free friction materials actually perform better than the last-generation friction materials they replace. Improvements include better stopping power, improved wear resistance, and reduced dusting and noise.

How much should it cost to replace brake pads?

The average brake pad replacement costs around $150 per axle, but these costs can rise to around $300 per axle depending on your vehicle’s brake pad materials. The least expensive brake pads use organic material.

How long should brakes and pads last?

Many car manufacturers estimate that a braking pad can last anywhere from 20,000 to 70,000 miles. However, on average, most car owners replace their brake pads after about 40,000 miles.

Are Brembo brakes the best?

Many car owners consider Brembo to be an unbeatable brand. Brembo brake pads not only outperform other aftermarket brake pads, but they also outperform OE pads. In our inventory of quality aftermarket brake pads, you’ll find Brembo OE Replacement Brake Pads. These brake pads are OE quality.

Which is better ceramic or organic brake pads?

Ceramic brake pads will certainly last a lot longer than organic brake pads. They are less abrasive on the brake rotors which means they won’t get worn down so much when the brakes are applied. Ceramic brake pads also not as strong as semi-metallic brake pads, but they are stronger than organic.

Do ceramic brakes stop faster?

The ceramic compounds and copper fibers allow ceramic brake pads to handle higher brake temperatures with less heat fade, provide faster recovery after the stop and generate less dust.

Are OEM brake pads better than aftermarket?

OEM brake pads are usually more expensive, exclusively sold by dealerships, but are outperformed by aftermarket brake pads, in every way. OEM brake pads are good for all round usage. However, aftermarket brake pads will stop even better, last longer, and in most cases, cost much less than OEM brake pads.

Ceramic vs. Metallic Brake Pads, What’s the Difference?

Your vehicle’s braking system is, without a doubt, the most important safety feature it has. However, while you rely on brakes on a daily basis to get you from point A to point B safely, you generally don’t give much thought to what happens when you hit the brake pedal. The fundamentals of how the system works are as follows: when you press your brake pedal, your automobile sends pressurized fluid down its braking lines and into a caliper at each wheel, where the brake pads are placed. The braking fluid presses the brake pads against a disc rotor in each wheel, slowing the vehicle and eventually bringing it to a complete stop on the road.

In this article, we’ll take a deeper look at this crucial component of your brake system, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each type of brake pad — ceramic vs semi metallic brake pads, for example — to help you determine which is ideal for your vehicle and driving style.


You can drive over snow and ice in your SUV, CUV, or pickup truck

Blizzak LT

Built to withstand the harshest of blizzards and winters in a commercial light truck or van

Blizzak W965

In a commercial light truck or van, built for blizzards and winters at their worst.

Blizzak DM-V2

Built for blizzards and winters, which are the toughest conditions for a commercial light truck or van.

Blizzak LT

Built for blizzards and winters, which are the toughest conditions for a commercial light truck or van

Blizzak W965

Maintain the operation of your commercial vehicle or van throughout the winter.


The three varieties of brake pads available now are ceramic, semi-metallic, and organic, and drivers generally have an option between them. However, this was not always the case. The first documented usage of brake pads dates all the way back to the late nineteenth century. Bertha Benz, a prominent inventor and the wife of Mercedes-Benz founder Karl Benz, is credited with developing the first brake pads made of leather for an early design of their vehicle in 1888, which was subsequently patented.

It wasn’t until the mid-to-late twentieth century, when drum brakes were gradually phased out in favor of contemporary disc brakes, that manufacturers began developing the ceramic, metallic, and organic brake pads that are still in use today.


In the beginning, asbestos was used to make the brake pads for disc brakes since it was a heat-absorbing substance that was well-suited for the amount of wear and tear that brake pads were subjected to. The discovery of asbestos as a highly-potent carcinogen, capable of causing cancer in individuals who have been exposed to it over an extended period of time, changed everything. Drivers would unwittingly inhale asbestos when these asbestos-based brake pads were worn down to the point where they could no longer stop the vehicle.

Consequently, organic brake pads — also known as non-asbestos organic (NAO) brake pads — have been developed to fill the need.

Organic brake pads are composed of a variety of fibers and materials such as rubber, carbon compounds, glass or fiberglass and KevlarR, which are linked together with resin.

Organic brake pads, in contrast to performance brake pads, which are generally used in heavy and high-performance vehicles, create a moderate degree of friction without generating a significant amount of heat, making them acceptable for drivers who use their cars for everyday driving and commuting.

As opposed to other types of brake pads, however, organic brake pads provide several distinct benefits over conventional brake pads.

They also have a tendency to perform optimally when exposed to a narrower range of temperatures.

The compressibility of organic brake pads is also greater, which means the driver must apply more effort to the brake pedal in order for the brakes to be activated.


Unlike other types of brake pads, ceramic brake pads are created from a substance that is structurally similar to the sort of ceramic used to make pottery and plates. In contrast, ceramic brake pad material is denser and far more durable than steel. To further improve friction and heat transmission, small copper fibers are inserted into ceramic brake pads to help them perform better in cold weather. Since its introduction in the mid-1980s, ceramic brake pads have seen a steady growth in popularity, which may be attributed to a variety of factors:

  • Acoustic Characteristics:Ceramic brake pads are extremely quiet, producing little to no additional noise when the brakes are engaged. Ceramic brake pads tend to emit less dust and other particles as they wear down as compared to organic brake pads. Compared to organic brake pads, ceramic brake pads can be more dependable in a wider range of temperatures and driving circumstances
  • Nonetheless, ceramic brake pads are more expensive than organic brake pads.

Ceramic brake pads, on the other hand, have some limits. First and foremost, ceramic brake pads are the most expensive of all brake pad kinds. This is owing to the increased production costs associated with ceramic brake pads. Furthermore, because both ceramic and copper are not as good at absorbing heat as other types of materials, more of the heat created by braking will flow through the brake pads and into the rest of the braking system than other types of materials. Additional wear and strain on other brake components may result as a result.

If you’re driving in really cold weather or preparing for a race, and you’re deciding between ceramic brake pads and semi metallic brake pads, you’ll want to choose metallic brake pads.

See also


There are, however, significant limits to using ceramic brake pads. In terms of price, ceramic brake pads are the most costly of all the brake pad varieties. This is mostly owing to the greater expenses associated with their manufacture. Furthermore, because both ceramic and copper are not as good at absorbing heat as other types of materials, more of the heat created by braking will transfer through the brake pads and into the rest of the braking system than via the pads alone. The wear and tear on other brake components may be increased as a result of this situation.

For extreme cold conditions or a future race, metallic brake pads are preferable to ceramic brake pads.


Among ceramic, semimetallic, and organic brake pads, which is the best choice for you among the three types of brake pads? It is dependent on the recommendations of the car manufacturer, the ride quality you anticipate from your vehicle, and your driving style. If you drive a high-performance sports car, or at the very least use your vehicle as if you do, semi metallic brake pads are likely to be a better choice for you. If, on the other hand, you spend a lot of time travelling in metropolitan areas, a solid ceramic brake pad would be a better choice for you.

Maintaining your brakes and replacing your brake pads on a regular basis is important, no matter which type you pick.

When it comes to brake pads, tangs are built into all of them as a wear indication; if you hear one, don’t wait too long to replace your pads.

The following is a straightforward table that highlights some of the key differences between organic, ceramic, and metallic brake pads in terms of performance.

Price $ $$$ $$
Performance Low Medium High
Noise Low Very Low High
WearTear On Brake System Low Very Low Medium

Types of Brake Pads and Which Should You Use

Although speed merchants may not like to acknowledge it, the capacity to stop in a timely manner much trumps the value of lightning-fast acceleration in most situations. That being said, using the proper brake pads may go a long way toward ensuring that motorists are safe while driving. So, what exactly are they? Simply said, it is the component that gives the necessary pressure and friction to brake rotors, letting a vehicle to come to a complete stop. They are really steel backing plates with a friction-based substance adhered to their surfaces, as explained in a more technical description.

Two of these are located in the brake calliper, with their friction surfaces pointed at the rotor to provide stopping power.

The absence of adequate brake pads will result in the wearing down of the wheels, the reduction of braking power, and, ultimately, the failure of the braking system.

However, various types are suited to different models, which should spark the curiosity of even the most casual driver.


Semi-metallic brake pads, which are among the most widely available, are made up of between 30 and 65 percent metal and are perhaps the most widely available. Steel wool, wire, and copper, among other things, might be used as additional materials. Once a decision has been reached, organic resin is used to bind the components together. From here, they are shaped into pre-determined forms and baked in a furnace, resulting in increased durability and strength. One of the numerous advantages they have is their toughness.

They are often less expensive, and when around 60% metal is present, they are well suited for strong braking over a lengthy stretch of road or track.

If you have a car that can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in a matter of seconds, this is the choice for you.

You should avoid taking her on a ride in the Antarctica.

See also:  Nissan Altima No Start? (Solution)


Semi-metallic brake pads, which are among the most prevalent types of brake pads, contain between 30 and 65 percent metal by weight. Steel wool, wire, and copper are examples of other materials that might be used. Once a decision has been reached, organic resin is used to hold the components together. From here, they are molded into pre-determined forms and baked in a furnace, resulting in increased toughness and longevity. One of its great advantages is their toughness. Compared to their ceramic counterparts, semi-metallic pads are more heat resistant and gentler on the rotors.

Interestingly enough, semi-metallic brake pads have been shown to be the most effective in racing applications with high speed automobiles.

The best option for you if you have a car that can go from 0-60mph in a split second. However, there are certain disadvantages to using these pads, including an unfavorable response to extremely cold temperatures. You should avoid taking her on a ride in the Antarctic.

Low-Metallic NAO

The Low-Metallic NAO option, which is made up of an organic formula combined with between 10% and 30% copper or steel, results in better breaking than the other options. The use of this recipe will undoubtedly aid in the movement of heat. Although they are not particularly loud, the addition of metal can result in significant amounts of dust being generated.

Non-Asbestos Organic

In accordance with the name, these brake pads are mostly composed of organic components. However, this was not always the case. Certainly, there was a period when asbestos was used to make pads, only for the material to be phased out and replaced by other compounds because to worries about health and safety. More supple and relatively silent, later versions may be made of fiber glass, rubber, or Kevlar, as well as polymers such as cellulose, among other materials. Despite the fact that they are less damaging to the braking discs themselves, non-asbestos brake discs Biodegradable brake pads will wear out quickly and are only appropriate for everyday road driving.

Despite the fact that the Kevlar choice is the most expensive, it has the advantage of having less downsides than the other options.

Which Brake Pads

When it comes to putting brake pads on a vehicle, there is no replacement for thorough investigation. Before making a selection, consult with your local garage, poll online forums, and educate yourself on the advantages and disadvantages of each type of vehicle. While this is the case, it is generally accepted that organic brake pads are better suited for lighter, more compact automobiles. They will provide the necessary stopping power while emitting the smallest amount of noise. In addition, they are reasonably priced to acquire.

  1. As a result, a low metallic NAO is the most suited; nonetheless, you should be prepared for greater volume.
  2. Both of them will ensure that you come to a complete stop before setting off.
  3. It may even be required to use heavy duty pads in order to give that additional protection.
  4. With 7,200 workers spread across twelve plants on three continents, Friction Group has a global workforce of over 7200 people.
  5. For further information, please see their website.
  6. Newer vehicles are equipped with a warning light that illuminates when a change is required, but loud screeching, excessive vibration, evident wear and tear, and a car’s propensity to pull to one side are all indicators that a change is required.

So keep an eye on your brake pads since they are more important than you may realize.


Because being able to stop fast is far more crucial than being able to accelerate, selecting the proper brake pad is an essential aspect of any automotive modification procedure. Remember, stopping power is equally as vital as horsepower or torque production when it comes to automobiles, as you are all aware. When you’re out on a weekend drive and you come up to your favorite series of turns, you want to be completely certain that the application of your foot to the middle pedal will result in a commensurate braking force.

  1. It is important to consider the weight and power of a vehicle when specifying brakes.
  2. From there, it is up to the tyres to provide the necessary friction force to bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
  3. That is a significant amount of stopping power!
  4. Ultimately, the coefficient of friction between the brake pad and the rotor is the most important number to know since it is the primary factor that turns the kinetic energy of the spinning brake disc into thermal energy, also known as heat.
  5. Due to the fact that brake pads have certain working temperature ranges and that continual severe braking might result in overheating if the pads do not have the ability to transfer heat to the surrounding environment rapidly enough, high thermal conductivity is essential.

Non-metallic (organic)

Non-metallic brake pads are the softest type of brake pad available. They are made up of a variety of different combinations of glasses, rubbers, and resins such as cellulose, as well as a small amount of metal fibres, and they are all manufactured and cured to withstand a significant amount of heat. The resulting composite is rather soft and so wears away fast, but it is gentle on brake discs because of its low friction coefficient. In any use other than daily road driving, they perform poorly, and even in that case, a more metal-based pad is desirable to prevent the need for frequent replacement.

Non-metallic pads were originally made of Asbestos (because of the substance’s ability to dissipate heat), but they were quickly replaced with other materials owing to the health and safety concerns associated with the hazardous material once it was released into the air.

Although it is possible to get organic brake pads that are made entirely of rubber or glass composites, they will wear out fast if utilized on a regular basis.

In addition to being six times stronger than steel, Kevlar pads have much less performance limitations than an organic pad and are hence the more costly option.


These may be found in the vast majority of automobiles on the market today. They employ a mix of both synthetics and metals to create a hybrid compound that is mostly metallic in nature. Once the fibers have been selected based on their material, they are linked together with an organic resin. In order to increase their durability, they are next moulded into pre-determined forms and baked in a furnace for three to five hours. The addition of a metal component to the compound makes them more heat and wear resistant than the purely organic alternatives.

According to Edge Autosport, semi-metallic pads have the following characteristics: The addition of more metal to the compound (about 60%) can make metallic pads ideal for strong braking scenarios when lifespan is preferred above the presence of organic material, such as in racing.

Semi-metallic brake pads, which are often constructed from sintered steel, graphite, or iron, have a high thermal conductivity and, when paired with suitable brake ducting for cooling, may provide everything a high performance car needs to keep up with even the most intensive of track days.


However, if a set of steel brake pads continues to cause brake fade as a result of overheating, it may be worthwhile to invest in a set of complete ceramic brake pads. Because of the exorbitant cost of manufacturing, these high-performance brake pads are only available on the most costly supercars. However, the ceramic compound used in these high-spec pads is exceptionally effective at absorbing the heat created by extremely harsh, continuous, and violent braking. This implies that they will be able to recover from whatever demands are imposed on them on a consistent basis, even during activities such as endurance racing.

  1. Because of the inclusion of clay inside the ceramic, these pads have the advantage of having a high coefficient of friction when cold, as well as the strength and durability provided by the presence of a tiny proportion of copper moulded into the compound.
  2. However, the decision of which chemical to use is dictated by the application in question.
  3. Then then, if you were to do some real mountain or track driving with your factory metallic or organic brake pads, there is a good chance that they would overheat and make the brake pedal seem terrifyingly lengthy.
  4. Yellowstuff brake pads, such as those provided by EBC, are a popular choice for a wide range of vehicles, from hot hatches to full-on muscle cars.

EBC, for example, uses a color-coded system, with Greenstuff pads increasing braking performance by 15% when compared to an average stock pad, Redstuff pads adding a ceramic element for fast road cars, and Yellowstuff pads providing the lowest fade possible for performance cars that occasionally find themselves on a track day.

These folks don’t appear to give a flying fig about brake pads in the least.

Although there are other aspects to consider, such as rotor contact, thermal conductivity, and the useable coefficient of friction, it is worthwhile to undertake some study into the specific spec of compound that will be suitable for your application.

For this reason, when you finally decide to go on that epic road trip or begin tracking your vehicle for the first time, be certain that your brake pads are up to the task.

Has it been a while since you replaced your brake pads? Have you made any changes to the compound to make it more track-oriented? Please share your brake pad configuration in the comments section below!

Best Brake Pads to Buy

For those who find that a set of steel brake pads is still ineffective due to overheating, investing in a set of complete ceramic brake pads may be a good investment. Because of the high cost of manufacturing, these high-performance brake pads are only available on the most expensive of supercars. However, the ceramic compound used in these high-spec pads is exceptionally effective at absorbing the heat generated by extremely hard, continuous, and violent braking. The ability to recover from whatever stresses are imposed on them implies that they may compete in activities such as endurance racing and yet maintain their performance.

These pads benefit from the high coefficient of friction of an organic pad when used cold, as well as the strength and durability provided by the presence of a tiny amount of copper moulded into the compound, thanks to the inclusion of clay inside the ceramic.

The disadvantages of each type of brake pad are as follows: organic brake pads are typically too soft for general use, metallic brake pads are extremely hard on brake discs and generate a lot of noise and dust, and ceramic brake pads are extremely expensive and take an inordinate amount of time to warm up.

  • In the case of a street vehicle, for example, using high-temperature steel or ceramic pads would be a waste of money because the pads would seldom if ever be brought up to their maximum performance temperature.
  • The coefficient of friction is important in sprint racing, whereas longevity is important in endurance racing without sacrificing the frictional qualities of the racer’s shoes.
  • Manufacturers of brake pads will frequently provide a variety of pads that are suitable for a variety of applications and conditions.
  • There are other comparable compound variants available from other producers, such as Tarox.
  • No one here appears to give a damn about brake pads, and it’s not like they care.
  • Given the numerous variables involved, such as rotor contact, thermal conductivity, and the useable coefficient of friction, it is worthwhile to undertake some study into the precise spec of compound that will be suitable for your needs and specifications.
  • For this reason, when you finally decide to go on that epic road trip or begin tracking your automobile for the first time, be certain that your brake pads are up to the task.

Is it necessary to replace your brake pads? Have you made any changes to the compound to make it more track-centric? Please share your brake pad configuration in the comments section below.


There are three varieties of brake pads that are often found in passenger vehicles: organic (non-asbestos), ceramic (ceramic), and semi-metallic (non-asbestos).


Brake pads used in passenger cars are classified into three categories: organic (non-asbestos), ceramic (ceramic), and semimetallic (semi-metallic).


Ceramic brake pads provide exceptional stopping force while also dissipating heat efficiently. They are ideal for the majority of routine driving applications since they emit very little dust or noise and have a long service life. Manufacturers of international and local automobiles have fitted many of their vehicles with ceramic brake pad compositions from the start.


They provide strong stopping power while while dissipating heat efficiently. Suitable for the majority of everyday driving situations, they generate very little dust or noise and have a long service life. The manufacturer installed ceramic brake pad formulas in a large number of international and local automobiles.

Which Disc Brake Pads Should You Get?

What’s the difference between all of these pads, you might wonder. In which ones should you invest your money depending on your bike and riding style? When it comes to disc brake pads, there are a plethora of things to consider, whether for road or mountain biking. As well as selecting the correct-shaped disc pad for your specific brake caliper, you must also decide on the type of compound that will be used to make the disc pad in question.

See also:  Pick the right spark plug? (TOP 5 Tips)


Brembo brake calipers are available in a variety of forms and with a variety of techniques of retaining the pads in place. Fortunately, identifying the proper-shaped pad is rather straightforward. Consider the name of your brake (which is generally inscribed on the lever reservoir and/or the caliper body), and then look for a disc pad with the same name as your brake. Taking your existing pads out and comparing their form to the shape of the prospective replacement pads may help you determine if the model names are correct or incomplete.


This is when things become a little complicated. Fundamentally, there are three sorts of brake pad compound, while some manufacturers make things more complicated by employing new buzzwords or nomenclature that is similar to one another. The three primary types of compounds are sintered, organic, and semi-metal in composition. Sintered pads are occasionally referred to as ‘metal’ or ‘metallic.’ Organic pads are referred to as ‘resin’ in some circles. Each of these three chemicals has its own set of benefits and drawbacks to consider.

Pros and cons to each compound

When it comes to pads, you can’t really determine what compound they are just by looking at them (unless you’re a genuine pad geek, of course!) Consequently, you’ll want to read the product description or box carefully for any pertinent information. Pros made of sintered metal

  • They are the most durable
  • The pad material has the ability to endure extremely high temperatures. They don’t have their eyes glaze over
  • A lot of power at the ultimate top-end (sustained high-speed DH things), and they have a lot of speed.

Confessions of a sintered con

  • They take an inordinate amount of time to settle in
  • During lengthy, prolonged descents, high temperatures can cause mineral oil systems to become ineffective. They don’t have a lot of bite to them at first. It has the potential to be disruptive.

Pros of organic products

  • To get to bed as soon as possible
  • The first biting sensation and modulation are excellent
  • Less clamorous
  • They don’t transfer as much heat into mineral oil systems as they used to.

Organic drawbacks

  • Not as long-lasting as sintered metal, especially when exposed to moisture
  • Less power at the ultimate top-end power (continuous high-speed DH things)
  • Less power overall. Can cause eyes to glaze over

Pros that use semi-metal blades

  • Most of the greatest components of sintered and organic substances have been collected together. They’re essentially organic pads with sintered materials incorporated into them
  • Powerful at the very top of the range
  • Good biting feel and modulation
  • Long-lasting performance
  • Good durability

Cons made of semi-metal

  • Constructed of semimetal

Which sort should you buy?

It is dependent on the situation. You are not need to use the same pad compound in each of your brakes, which is something we would recommend. Numerous experienced mountain bikers choose to use a sintered pad in the rear brake and an organic pad in the front brake. Because the rear brake requires less power and feel than the front brake, it makes sensible to prioritize durability above performance. The rear caliper also appears to be subjected to more dirt being thrown through it, so the use of a sintered pad that is more durable makes sense.

For the majority of riders, the trade-off in durability is definitely worth it.

Because of their endurance, sintered pads might be quite tempting.

Going to the Alps?

This is when it could be a good idea to use a sintered brake pad in your front brake – or at the very least have one in your kit bag in case your organic pads are unable to withstand the persistent onslaught of heat and friction.

De-glazing pads

Check to see whether your pads have ran out of pad material completely. Sometimes they may just be glazed over and feeling like a stale pad of cardboard. It is possible to bring back the vitality of glazing pads by using sandpaper or mild filing on the surface.

Push the pistons before putting new pads in

Make sure that your caliper pistons are properly re-positioned in the caliper before placing your new pads into the caliper. To push, it is preferable to use a plastic tyre lever. It is important to remember to retain your expired pads in the caliper when putting the piston back, even if you just have a flat blade screwdriver (or something similar). This will prevent your pistons from being damaged. In order to avoid introducing air into the system, it’s a good idea to try to do this procedure while riding your bike upright, rather than turning it upside down.

Check your caliper alignment

With your worn-out brake pads removed, it’s a good idea to examine the alignment of your braking caliper and brake rotor. Brake calipers that are not properly aligned result in ineffective and loud braking. Ensure that the rotor is perfectly aligned with the caliper mouth by undoing it and re-aligning the caliper before installing your new brake pads.

Bedding in disc brake pads

If at all possible, give your brake pads some time to settle in correctly. When changing pads in the middle of a ride, this may not be practical, but if you’re at home or in the car park before a ride, taking the time to properly bed in will pay off in the long run. For the most part, bedding in disc brake pads requires doing quick sprints around a flat, smooth surface while applying heavy pressure to the brake pedal. Repeat this several times — at least a dozen times. When you come to a complete stop before releasing the brakes, avoid coming to a complete stop (as this might cause a ‘lip’ of material to build up on the rotor that will take some time to remove).

It may seem a little faff and foolish, but bedding in your pads can significantly lengthen their lives — by a long shot. Merlin Cycles is a great place to shop for disc brake pads.

Best Brake Pads

It should go without saying that your bike’s brakes are one of the most critical components in its overall design and function. Additionally, your brake pads – which are often known to as brake blocks or brake shoes – are critical components since they have a significant impact on how well your brake system performs, particularly in rainy weather. All brake pads are classified as a ‘consumable component,’ which means that they will wear out over time and will need to be replaced. Old or over-worn brake pads will not function correctly, putting your safety at risk, and may even cause damage to your bike.

To skip reading our best brake pads purchasing guide, simply click on one of the links below to be sent to the correct product page: best brake pads buying guide To understand more about the many types of brake pads that are available, please see the links below.

  • Disc brake pads, V-brake pads, road brake pads, and BMX brake pads are all options.

Disc brakes and rim brakes are the two most common types of brake pads, which correspond to the two most common categories of bicycle braking systems – rim brakes and disc brakes. Pads for the rim brakes: Rim brakes work by applying pressure to the revolving rim of the wheel to slow the vehicle. As a result of pushing on the brake lever/cable, the brake pads are squeezed against the rims on both sides of the bike, causing it to slow down. A rim brake is a type of bicycle brake that is extensively used on BMX, road, and city bikes.

  1. There are a variety of various sorts, with the two most common beingcaliper and cantileverbrakes, so you will need to select brake pads that are appropriate for each type.
  2. During the braking process, this disc spins via a caliper, which houses the brake pads.
  3. Disc brakes are widely seen on mountain bikes, as well as on certain road cycles, and are very effective.
  4. However, in order to determine when to change your brake pads, you will need to consider the type of brakes you are using, as well as other considerations such as riding circumstances, rim type (if you are using rim brakes), and the manufacturer of your brakes.
  5. Follow the links below to learn more about the many types of brake pads that are available and which ones are most appropriate for your braking system.
  6. Considering that the majority of them are made to match certain calipers, you’ll want to be sure you get a pair that is compatible with the brand and model of your brake caliper/system.
  7. Pads made of organic materials: In contrast to metallic sintered pads, organic pads, also known as resin pads, are formed of a high-density ceramic and have a softer composition than metallic sintered pad.

Organic pads, on the other hand, might wear down more quickly in damp and abrasive environments.

This makes them louder and causes them to heat up more quickly, but under damp circumstances, they outlast biological pads by a factor of several hundred times.

In general, if your disc brake pads have less than 1.5mm of braking area left, it’s time to replace them with new ones.

Furthermore, it should be noted that fresh pads will require a period of ‘beding in’.

Brakes that have been properly bedded down will provide smoother braking down the line and reduce brake juddering.

Individual brake arms installed through two brakebosses, with each arm of the brake hooked to a boss on each seatstay or fork leg, are present on many entry-level or older mountain bikes, as well as many city and hybrid cycles.

Non-cartridge pads: These are the most basic and least expensive kind of brake pads, consisting of a simple rubber block with a braking surface on one side and a threaded metal post on the other side, which is used to attach the pad to the brake arm and provide additional braking force.

Cartridge pads are used in conjunction with laser printers.

They are a simple improvement that may significantly increase the stopping power of your motorcycle.

When replacing cartridge pads, it is critical that they be aligned correctly – most will have arrows showing which end of the pad points forwards when the cartridge is turned on.

Additionally, replacement pads must be properly positioned, for example, ‘toed in’ (angled so that the front of the pad makes contact with the rim slightly before the back) for best performance and even wear, and new pads will necessitate the adjustment of cables.

Higher-end pads – particularly cartridge pads – will typically be available in a variety of rubber compounds to accommodate different riding conditions, with some dual- or triple-compound pads combining different rubber compounds in the same pad to accommodate wet- and dry-weather riding, respectively.

  1. When replacing centre-pull canti pads, look for pads that are labeled as ‘cantilever.’ These pads are often shorter than v-brake pads.
  2. Pulling on the cable causes both arms to swing inwards, bringing the brake pad into contact with the rim of the wheel.
  3. Cartridge brake pads offer significant performance advantages over non-cartridge brake pads, and are a good investment if your stock pads are non-cartridge.
  4. Compounds on the rim: Standard alloy rims require no special care when it comes to brake pad selection, while riders who use carbon-rimmed wheels will require carbon-specific brake pads (it might be worth checking with the manufacturer to see what pads they recommend).
  5. In addition, while most aftermarket brake pads will work with most caliper braking systems, some are model- or manufacturer-specific, which is something to consider (e.g.
  6. Weather conditions are currently in effect.
  7. Wet-weather pads may be used in dry conditions as well, but they are designed to provide greater performance while it is raining than regular pads.
  8. Cantilever brakes (such as those used on cross-country bikes) and caliper brakes are among the several designs available.
  9. The vast majority of BMX brake pads are intended to operate with every form of rim brake and come with a variety of washers to allow them to be used with a variety of different standard rim brakes.
  10. However, they may generally incorporate performance characteristics such as the following: Increased length provides a larger stopping surface and more equal wear.

See also

What Are Your Brake Pads Made Of?

Whether you are a first-time driver or have been driving for many years, you will quickly discover that your vehicle need periodic maintenance. Your tires are only good for a certain amount of time. Your engine oil should be changed on a regular basis. Aside from that, your brake pads will need to be replaced from time to time. In your vehicle’s braking system, brake pads are a vital component. They also play an important role in your safety. The brake pedal is activated by pressing down on a hydraulic clamp known as an abrake caliper, which squeezes a set of brake pads against a rotating metal disc (the brake rotor) attached to each of the wheels.

  1. During braking, friction is formed between the brake pads and the rotors’ sides, which causes the brakes to work harder.
  2. Obviously, the contact between the brake pads and the braking rotors will cause things to wear away with time, as you might expect.
  3. The brake pads on your automobile are the ones that give way during the act of braking.
  4. Every time you apply the brakes, a small amount of that material is worn away.
  5. As an example, hard braking, frequent and abrupt stops, and ‘riding the brakes’ all contribute to the premature wear of your brake pads.
  6. How soon your brake pads wear out is also affected by the nature of the friction compound used in their manufacture.
  7. Currently, are you transporting your children in a minivan or crossover SUV?
See also:  Add Cabin Air Filter to GM Trucks? (Solution)

Perhaps your vehicle is far lower to the ground and is capable of performance comparable to that of a Nascar.

It is also important to consider your driving patterns while deciding on the sort of brake pads to choose.

Are you an aggressive driver or are you just out for fun?

All of these considerations point to one form of pad or another.

Each of these materials has its own set of features, as well as advantages and disadvantages.

The majority of new automobiles sold in the United States are equipped with organic brake pads supplied by the manufacturer.

They were created as a replacement for the asbestos pads that were previously utilized in the industry.

Material such as glass, fiber, rubber, carbon, and even Kevlar are combined with resins to form organic brake pads.

When it comes to brake pads, organic brake pads are often the least expensive option when it comes to replacing them.

They do, however, wear out more quickly than other types of brake pads and generate a large amount of filthy brake dust.

They also do not withstand overheating well, making them an unsuitable choice for high-performance applications such as gaming.

POSITIVES: A supple pedal Components of the braking system should be treated with care.

Wear and tear occurs fast, necessitating more frequent replacement.

Brake Pads with a Semi-Metallic Surface If your vehicle did not come equipped with organic brake pads from the factory, it was most likely equipped with semi-metallic brake pads, particularly if your ‘vehicle’ is a truck or SUV of considerable size.

It is recommended that they be used for heavy-duty or high-performance applications, but they may also be used for everyday driving situations.

They are also heat resistant and function across the largest temperature range of the three types of pads listed here, making them the most versatile.

The squealing of these pads is louder than that of other pads, which makes them the most noticeable.

They are suitable for general purpose use and are particularly well suited to heavy-duty applications where noise and wear are secondary considerations.

Tolerant of high and low temperatures It has a rather long shelf life.

Brake Pads Made of Ceramic Those searching for a mix between comfort and performance may find ceramic brake pads to be a good fit for their needs.

Despite this, they are peaceful and comfy.

Ceramic pads are also the most silent of the available options.

As a result, they are less harsh on your rotors, but they raise the temperature of the rotors.

Depending on the pad, they might be ideal for high-performance use or they could be the most pleasant for everyday driving, depending on the manufacturer.

PROSIt is extremely durable and has a lengthy shelf life.

Components of the braking system should be treated with care.

Expensive To be honest, brake pads are rarely 100 percent of one sort or the other in terms of composition.

Whatever sort of brake pads you pick, organic versus ceramic versus semi-metallic, you will need to change them at some point in your driving career.

They do, however, provide some hints.

As soon as a specific quantity of friction material has been depleted from the pads, a little strip of metal linked to the pads will come into contact with the rotor.

It’s possible that if you choose to ignore both the digital indicator and the audible warning, the next clue you’ll hear is a scraping noise when the metal backings on your pads grind into your rotors when the friction material is no longer there.

Many repair businesses will do a free examination in conjunction with an oil change.

Brakes are the most crucial safety element on your car, truck, or SUV, so make sure you pay close attention to them.

Author: Mike Ales |

The use of the Columbia Auto CareCar Wash and its affiliates’ general guidance document constitutes an agreement on your part to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Columbia Auto CareCar Wash and its affiliates from and against any and all claims, damages, costs and expenses, including attorneys’ fees, that may arise from or relate to your use of the general guidance document.

Columbia Auto CareCar Wash makes no representations or warranties with respect to the information, content, or materials contained in this document.

In accordance with the laws of your state of residency, this reserve of rights should be as broad and extensive as is authorized by the legislation of that state.

3 Types of Brake Pads (Match Brake Pad Material to Your Driving Style)

The most recent update was made on September 14, 2021. Over the course of several years, the brakepads of a car gradually wear down, eventually necessitating replacement. An incalculable number of individuals visit their local auto parts store every year in quest of replacement brake pads as a result of this situation. While many people would assume that selecting a pair of brake pads for their car would be a basic process, there are a variety of product alternatives available to consumers today.

More information on the many types of brake pads now available, as well as which pad material is most appropriate for your specific driving style, may be found in the following sections.

is a related question.

Brake Pad Materials

Semi-metallic brake pads, ceramic brake pads, and organic brake pads are the three types of brake pads that are most commonly used. Each of these three subgroups possesses its own unique set of characteristics that add substantial value to the specific application for which they are intended.


Generally speaking, semi-metallic brake pads are considered to be superior in absolute stopping power to any other type of brake pad now available, regardless of material composition. Although semi-metallic brake pads are not as common as they once were, they nonetheless include a considerable amount of metal in their composition. Metallic brake pads typically include between 35 and 65 percent metal, however the actual percentage varies from manufacturer to manufacturer. In addition, the specific metals utilized in semi-metallic brake pad manufacture vary from one another.

Besides fillers and friction modifiers, semi-metallic brake pads also include graphite lubricants and friction modifiers in their composition.

Semi-metallic brake pads are also known to be more harsh on brake rotors than ceramic and organic brake pads.


  • Stopping power that is unmatched
  • Excellent high-temperature performance
  • Improved cold-bite
  • Low rate of compressibility
  • Excellent resistance to brake fading


  • Operation that is more noisy
  • An increase in the creation of brake dust
  • Brake rotors are being pushed to their limits. Organic options are more costly than conventional alternatives.

Also see: Minimum (and Recommended) Brake Pad Thickness for further information.


Organic brake pads have been a cornerstone of the automobile braking industry for many decades and continue to do so today. Pads of this type were originally intended to be used as a large-scale replacement for asbestos-based brake pads, which were phased out owing to environmental and public health issues. When it comes to the creation of organic brake pads, a wide range of chemicals and substances are used. Some of the most prevalent of these materials include Kevlar, rubber, fiber, and carbon, all of which are linked together in a strong resin to provide long-lasting strength.

This type of brake pad is also one of the most cost-effective to purchase because of its composition. This is partly due to the relative abundance of the materials used in their production process, which helps to reduce costs.


  • Excellent performance for everyday driving
  • When in action, it is inherently silent. Compared to semi-metallic alternatives, it produces less dust
  • It also provides appropriate cold bite. The product is reasonably priced.


  • Exquisite performance on a daily basis
  • When in operation, it is inherently silent, as is produces less dust compared to other semi-metallic choices
  • Provides enough cold-bite. Cost-effective in terms of price


Ceramic brake pads are a relatively recent technology as compared to brakes made of semi-metallic or organic materials. This particular form of brake pad was initially launched in the 1980s and has slowly gained in favor since then. The absence of operating noise and the overall minimizing of brake dust formation are two of the most notable characteristics of these pads. Ceramic brake pads are also less abrasive on rotors than pads with a semi-metallic construction, although they are somewhat more abrasive than organic brake pads.

For a high-quality pair of ceramic brake pads, drivers should expect to pay approximately twice as much as they would for organic brake pads.


  • This product has tremendous stopping power. Produce extremely minimal background noise. Excessive brake dust output is not a concern. The ability to remain consistent under a variety of settings


  • Organic brake pads are more damaging to brake rotors. Extremely cold areas are not the greatest candidates for this product. Not intended for use in racing or heavy-duty applications
  • More pricey than other types of pad materials

Brake Pad Comparison Chart

Pad Type Performance Noise Dust Wear on Rotors Price
Semi-Metallic Very High Moderate Moderate High $$
Organic Moderate Low Low Low $
Ceramic High Very Low Very Low Moderate $$$

OEM vs Aftermarket

Automobile owners frequently wonder whether they should choose for a pair of direct OEM replacement brake pads or a more cost-effective aftermarket option when brake pad replacement is required. The great majority of the time, this selection is based on a combination of personal preference and driving style. OEM brake pads are designed specifically for a particular vehicle by the manufacturer in order to give adequate performance while limiting the creation of noise and brake dust. OEM brake pads are available in a variety of designs.

Instead, aftermarket brake pads are built to deliver higher stopping power, unequaled responsiveness, and more protection against brake fade than the brake pads that came with the vehicle.

Additionally, aftermarket brake pads are more abrasive than OEM brake pads, leading rotors to wear more quickly than they would if the OEM pads were used.

Best Type of Brake Pads

There is a specified set of applications for each type of brake pad, and each type of brake pad is best suited to those applications. When you understand the relative importance of each type of brake pad, it will be easier for you to make an informed purchasing decision. Related: The Best Brake Pads for Cars, Trucks, and SUVs (Part 2)

For Daily Driving:Organic Pads

When driving just to and from work or to the grocery store, organic brake pads are often the most cost-effective option available. Despite the fact that they provide enough stopping force in the great majority of situations, these pads work primarily in the absence of brake dust and operating noise. Organic brake pads are also more affordable than ceramic or semi-metallic brake pads when compared to their counterparts. With the use of more expensive semi-metallic brake pads in a daily driving situation, many customers are unlikely to detect much of a difference in performance.

Pads made of ceramic are a close second. When it comes to daily driving, ceramic brake pads can be used instead of conventional ones if the driver wants to increase the life of the pads. Those that travel vast distances to and from work on a daily basis may find this to be beneficial.

For Spirited Driving:Ceramic Pads

Organic brake pads are often the most cost-effective option when driving only to and from work or to the grocery store. Brake dust and operating noise are minimal in the great majority of situations, and these pads function primarily in the absence of brake dust and noise. If you compare organic brake pads to ceramic or semi-metallic brake pads, you’ll find that they’re more cost effective. For most users, using more expensive semi-metallic brake pads will not result in a significant improvement in overall performance when used in everyday driving.

If you travel vast distances to and from work on a regular basis, this can be quite beneficial.

For Track Use:Semi-Metallic Pads

When it comes to braking on the track, there is simply no replacement for a good pair of semi-metallic brake pads of superior quality. Despite the fact that semi-metallic pads have exceptional stopping power and superior cold-bite, they have unparalleled operational qualities when subjected to extreme heat. Semi-metallic brake pads also have a low threshold of compressibility, which gives the driver with the sensation of a hard, constant brake pedal while applying the brake. When driving at a high rate of speed around a circuit, whether it’s your first autocross, track day, or lap around the Nürburgring, this degree of consistency is much appreciated by the majority of drivers.

In order to be acceptable for track usage, neither organic nor ceramic brake pads have adequate heat dissipation properties to be used.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *