Let’s take a closer look at these five companies and see which tool brands they own.
- Stanley Black Decker Inc. Origin: USA. Founded: 1843.
- Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. Origin: Hong Kong.
- Robert Bosch GmbH. Origin: Germany. Founded: 1886.
- Hilti. Origin: Liechtenstein. Founded: 1941.
- Makita. Origin: Japan. Founded: 1915.
Who own and make most tool brands?
Two companies: Stanley Black & Decker Inc. and Robert Bosch GmbH sit at the top of the tool industry controlling 26% of the global market. They have gained this much control by aggressively acquiring the best most trusted tool brands.
What tool brands are made by Stanley?
The Connecticut-based Stanley Black & Decker owns many brands beyond its name, including Lenox, Craftsman, Irwin Tools, DeWALT and CribMaster. They’re sharing a sizable market.
Are Craftsman and Dewalt owned by the same company?
One, a whole bunch of the top power tool brands — including DeWalt, Black & Decker, Craftsman, Porter-Cable and more — are all owned by the same company, Stanley Black & Decker. Those 20-volt lithium-ion battery cartridges you stick into your drill, circular saw and weed whacker are all pretty much the same thing.
Who owns Black and Decker?
Minotaur – Design Group International.
Is Black and Decker made in China?
Cohen cites the example of Stanley Black & Decker. Although the world’s largest tool company has a manufacturing footprint in North America and Europe, the vast majority of its manufacturing has been in China. Cohen says Stanley Black & Decker must consider a “make or make” decision.
Are Ridgid tools made in China?
Ridgid tools are made by the Ridge Tool Company, which is based in Elyria in Ohio, which means that they are made in the United States as of 2022.
Who owns ridgid?
Answer: Snap-On was founded by Joseph Johnson and Bill Seidemann in 1920. Their tools are manufactured and distributed by Snap-On Company. Their global headquarters are located in Wisconsin at Kenosha. Since then, they have been able to employ more than 12,600 people.
Who manufactures Makita?
Makita Corporation (株式会社マキタ, kabushiki gaisha Makita) (TYO: 6586) is a Japanese manufacturer of power tools. Founded on March 21, 1915, it is based in Anjō, Japan and operates factories in Brazil, China, Japan, Mexico, Romania, the United Kingdom, Germany, Dubai, Thailand and the United States.
What is Home Depot’s tool brand?
Husky is a line of hand tools, pneumatic tools, and tool storage products. Though founded in 1924, it is now best known as the house brand of The Home Depot, where it is exclusively sold.
Who makes Craftsman drills?
Yes, Craftsman and DeWalt are Owned by Stanley Black & Decker. Stanley Black & Decker (SBD) turned heads when it bought Craftsman Tools in 2017 after Sears closed 235 stores in 2015. The company owns many brands, however. Dating back to 1843 with a man named Frederick Stanley, the company quickly formed its roots.
Tool Brands: Who Owns What? A Guide to Corporate Affiliations
If you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, ToolGuyd may get a commission. Many prominent tool brands have established themselves as household names, although they are essentially subsidiaries of bigger business families. Brands can change hands via acquisitions, mergers, and spin-offs, which further complicates the picture even further. To make things easier for you, we’ve put up the following information, which identifies the most prominent tool brands, as well as the firms that own or are linked with them, to assist you.
This list includes brands associated with construction, industrial, do-it-yourself, and other tool-related industries, with a particular emphasis on hand and power tool manufacturers.
On June 25th, 2020, this material was revised and reposted on this website.
Please notify us if you see any inaccuracies in the information on this page.
Table of Contents
Stanley BlackDecker & Sons, Inc. (including Dewalt, Craftsman, Irwin) TTI/Tectronic Industries is an acronym that stands for TTI/Tectronic Industries (including Milwaukee, Ryobi, Empire Level, Ridgid Power Tools) Bosch is a company that manufactures and distributes a wide range of products (including Bosch, Freud, Dremel) Effortful (including Fluke, Matco) Apex Tool Group is a tool manufacturing company (including Crescent, Gearwrench, Wiss) The Festool Corporation (TTS Tooltechnic Systems, including Festool, SawStop) KKR stands for Kolkata Knight Riders (including Metabo, Metabo HPT) Chervon is a fictional character created by author Chervon (including EGO, Skilsaw) ITW Emerson Werner Emerson Werner ITW (including Paslode, Tapcon) JPW Industries is a company that manufactures a variety of products (including Jet, Wilton, Powermatic) Snap-on Ideal Industries is a company that manufactures snap-on ideal industries.
Newell Rubbermaid a company that manufactures Delta Power Equipment Kyocera(Senco) Positec
Stanley BlackDecker is a company that manufactures and distributes a variety of woodworking products (including Dewalt, Craftsman, Irwin) Technonic Industries (TTI/Tectronic Industries) is an acronym that stands for Technological Technologies (Techtronic Industries) (including Milwaukee, Ryobi, Empire Level, Ridgid Power Tools) Bosch is a company that manufactures and distributes a variety of goods and services to consumers and businesses (including Bosch, Freud, Dremel) Enthusiastic (including Fluke, Matco) Apex Tool Group is a company that manufactures and distributes tools and equipment (including Crescent, Gearwrench, Wiss) FESOFT GROUPS CANADA INC (TTS Tooltechnic Systems, including Festool, SawStop) KKR is an abbreviation for Kolkata Knight Riders (including Metabo, Metabo HPT) The name Chervon comes from a Greek word meaning “to be born again” (including EGO, Skilsaw) EMerson Werner is an ITW (Institute of Technology and Workplace) (including Paslode, Tapcon) Industrialists at J.P.
Wetherbee & Company (JPW) (including Jet, Wilton, Powermatic) The Ideal Industries (Snap-on) brand is a trademark of Snap-on. Newell Rubbermaid Machines de production de delta énergie Kyocera(Senco) Positec
Construction and DIY (CDIY)
- BlackDecker, Bostitch, Dewalt, Porter Cable, Stanley, Irwin (acquired in 2017), Lenox (acquired in 2017), Craftsman (acquired in 2017), Hilmor (acquired in 2017, sold to DiversiTech in August 2018)
- Irwin (acquired in 2017, sold to DiversiTech in August 2018)
- Hilmor (acquired in 2017, sold to DiversiTech in August 2018)
- Hilmor (ac
- BOST, BRITOCH, FACOM, LISTA, MACH TOOLS, PARRINO, PROTO, SIDCHRIME, USAG, VIDMAR are some of the companies represented.
For further information, please see the following link: (via Stanley BlackDecker)
Irwin Tool Brands (Sold to Stanley BlackDecker in 2017)
- Record (vises)
Techtronic Industries (TTI)
Headquarters are located in Hong Kong, China.
Power and Hand Tool Brands
- Empire Level (which, as of mid-2014, was owned by Milwaukee Tool)
- Imperial Blades (which was bought by Milwaukee Tool in 2018)
- Milwaukee Tool & Manufacturing Company Ryobi
- Stiletto (which, since of 2007, is owned by Milwaukee Tool)
- And more brands.
Milwaukee Tool is based in Brookfield, Wisconsin, and employs around 1,000 people. Despite the fact that TTI owns the Ryobi power tools and accessories business in the United States and North America as well as the United Kingdom, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand, Ryobi is a different company with its own product lines in certain other countries around the world. TTI also designs and manufacturesRidgidpower tools, which are distributed by Emerson under a license deal. This agreement has been in place since 2003.
Home Appliance Brands
Stuttgart, Germany is the company’s headquarters.
Power Tools and Accessories
- Bosch, CST/berger, Dremel, Freud (and Diablo)*, RotoZip, Skil (which was sold to Chervon), Vermont American, and other brands
*In December 2008, Bosch acquired Freud’s power tool accessories section, which included the company’s saw blades, router bits, and cutters businesses.
Automotive Tools and Equipment
- Accu-turn, Actron, Beissbarth, OTC, Robinair, Sia Abrasives, Sunpro, and many more.
For further information, please see the following link: (PDF via Bosch North America 2013 Publication) Return to the top of the page
Fortive (Formerly Danaher)
Headquarters are in Washington, D.C., United States.
Danaher separated out Fortive in the middle of 2016 to form a new company. For further information, please see the following link: (via Fortive) Return to the top of the page
Apex Tool Group
Headquarters are in Sparks, Maryland, in the United States. It is currently owned by Bain Capital. (Apex Tool Group was formerly a joint venture between Danaher and Cooper Industries; it is now controlled by Bain Capital.)
Hand, Electrical, Industrial Tool Brands
Several Apex Tool Group hand tool products were rebranded as Crescent Tools in late 2017, bringing the total number of rebranded brands to nine. (The most popular and well-known brands of Apex Tool Group are highlighted in bold.)
- sArmstrong More information about the closure may be found here. ATKINS, Belzer, Campbell, Cleco, Collins, Crescent, Delta (Truck Boxes), Diamond, DGD, Doler, Dotco, Erem, Gearwrench, Geta, H.K. Porter, Iseli, Jacobs Chuck, Jobox, KD Tools, K F, Lufkin, Master Power, Mayle, Metronix, Niagara Tools, Nicholson, Plumb, Quackenbush, Recoules, Sata, Sp
TTS Tooltechnic Systems
Airetool;sAllen;sApex;sArmstrong More information about the closure may be found at this link. ATKINS, Belzer, Campbell, Cleco, Collins, Crescent, Delta (Truck Boxes), Diamond, DGD, Doler, Dotco, Erem, Gearwrench, Geta, H.K. Porter, Iseli, Jacobs Chuck, Jobox, KD Tools, K F, Lufkin, Master Power, Niagara Tools, Nicholson, Plumb, Quackenbush, Recoules, Sata, Spline Gauges, Utica,
- sArmstrong More information regarding the closure may be found here. Atkins
- Delta (Truck Boxes)
- H.K. Porter
- Jacobs Chuck
- KD Tools
- K F
- Master Power
- Niagara Tools
Airetool;sAllen;sApex;sArmstrong Learn more about the closure in this article. Atkins; Belzer; Campbell; Cleco; Collins; Crescent; Delta (Truck Boxes); Diamond; DGD; Doler; Dotco; Erem; Gearwrench; Geta; H.K. Porter; Iseli; Jacobs Chuck; Jobox; KD Tools; K F; Lufkin; Master Power; Mayle; Niagara Tools; Nicholson; Plumb; Quackenbush; Recoules; Sata; Spline Gauges; U
Headquarters are in New York, New York, USA.
- Metabo HPT/HiKoki – formerly known as Hitachi Power Tools
- Metabo HPT/HiKoki – formerly known as Hitachi Power Tools
The purchase of Hitachi Power Tools and Metabo by KKR was announced in the first quarter of 2017. In North America, Hitachi Power Tools has been renamed as Metabo HPT (North America) and HiKoki (International) (internationally). Return to the top of the page
China is the location of the company’s headquarters.
- Beijing, China is the company’s headquarters.
Chervon is also an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) that manufactures cordless power tools for other companies, including private label names such as Lowes’ Kobalt 24V Max brushless power tool range and other commercial brands.
For further information, please see the following link: (via Chervon) Return to the top of the page
Additionally, Chervon manufactures cordless power tools for various companies, including private label brands such as Lowe’s Kobalt 24V Max brushless power tool line. Chervon is also an original equipment manufacturer (OEM). Details can be found by clicking on the hyperlinked text: (via Chervon) Returning to the beginning
- Greenlee – as of 2018
- Klauke – as of 2018
Besides wet/dry vacuums, Emerson also makes them under the Dirt Hound and goClean brand names. In 2018, Emerson bought Greenlee from Textron, along with Klauke and Paladin, among other things (acquired by Greenlee in 2007). During the period 2004 to 2015, Greenlee and Rothenberger entered into a joint venture agreement for the purpose of addressing the North American market. TTI is the company that develops, manufactures, and markets the Ridgid power tools that are offered exclusively by Home Depot.
For further information, please see the following link: (via Emerson) Return to the top of the page
Headquarters are in Greenville, Pennsylvania, USA.
Illinois Tool Works (ITW)
Headquarters are in Glenview, Illinois, in the United States.
- Glenview, Illinois, United States of America is the location of the headquarters.
JPW Industries/WHM Tool Group/Walter Meier Manufacturing
Headquarters are in New York City, New York, United States. Gamut Capital Management, a private equity firm, now has a majority stake in JPW Industries (as of July 2017) Additional JPW Brands
JPW’s other brands include:
- Irazola, Irimo, Lindstrom, Palmera, Sioux, Wanda and Williams are just a few of the companies that make up the Snap-on family of products.
With some overlap, these firms are divided into four groups: Snap-on, Snap-on Industrial, SNA Europe, and Snap-on Specialty Tools, with some overlap.) More information is available at: Snap-on Incorporated, Snap-on Industrial, and SNA Europe are all brands owned by Snap-on. Return to the top of the page
Headquarters are in Sycamore, Illinois, in the United States.
- Ideal, Anderson Power, Casella Measurement, Pratt-Read, SK Hand Tools, Trend Communications, Western Forge (which will close in February 2020), and other companies.
Headquarters are in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
- Dymo, Hilmor, Lenox (which was sold to Stanley BlackDecker), Rubbermaid Commercial Products, Sharpie, and more brands
Irwin Tool Corporation is a manufacturer of hand and power tools (Sold to Stanley BlackDecker) More information is available at: Rubbermaid Newell Rubbermaid Return to the top of the page
Delta Power Equipment Corporation (Chang Type Industrial)
Anderson County, South Carolina, USA (Delta PEC); Taichung City, Taiwan (Delta PEC) (Chang Type)
Japan serves as the company’s headquarters (Kyocera Parent Corporation) Senco, a company best known for its air compressors and nailers, was bought by Kyocera. In addition to Ryobi, Kyocera purchased TTI, but not the Ryobi brand that North American users are acquainted with–the TTI brand’s tools and accessories business in North America is still held by the company.
- Aerfast Europe BV (previously Van Aerden Group BV, a European pneumatic tools brand)
- Aerfast Europe BV (formerly Van Aerden Group BV, a European pneumatic tools brand)
- Ryobi (albeit not the Ryobi that most readers in the United States are familiar with)
Positec has also been rumored to produce tools for other manufacturers in the past. For further information, please see the following link: (via Positec) Return to the top of the page
Which more corporations should be included in this directory of corporate tool manufacturers?
In the world of power tools, Makita is one of the few brands that is not owned by a larger firm.
Fein and Hilti are two more independent hand tool and tool storage companies. There are a large number of independent hand tool and tool storage brands. However, if you have any questions regarding your favorite brands, please feel free to contact us for more information.
Power Tool Manufacturers and Who Really Owns Them
As one of the only surviving independent power tool brands not acquired by a larger firm, Makita is an important part of the American manufacturing industry. A number of other hand tool and tool storage companies, such as Fein and Hilti, have maintained their independence. However, if you have any questions regarding your favorite brands, please feel free to contact us for clarification.
Note:RIDGID and RYOBI cordless power tools are licensed by TTI.
We did not include every tool manufacturer in this illustration. To be really honest, we couldn’t possibly put them all on one page. We will, nevertheless, make every effort to include as many tool brand parent corporations as feasible in the following list. It makes the most sense to begin with a few of the bigger groups first.
Yes, Craftsman and DeWalt are Owned by Stanley BlackDecker
Following Sears’ closure of 235 locations in 2015, Stanley BlackDecker (SBD) made headlines when it acquired Craftsman Tools in 2017. However, the corporation has a large number of brands. Originating in 1843 with a guy by the name of Frederick Stanley, the corporation swiftly established its foundations. A similar firm that was founded in 1910—Black and Decker—joined forces with it in 2010. Its tool storage segment alone generates $7.5 billion in revenue for the corporation as of 2017. SBD brands include the following:
- DeWalt, Stanley, Black + Decker, Bostitch, Craftsman, Vidmar, Mac Tools, Irwin, Lenox, Proto, Porter-Cable, Powers Fasteners, Lista, Sidchrome, Emglo, and USAG are just a few of the brands represented.
As it turns out, TTI is the parent company of Milwaukee Tool as well as a slew of other power tool firms. It also has licenses for the RIDGID* and RYOBI* brands for cordless power tools, among other things (Emerson owns RIDGID). Techtronic Industries Company Limited is abbreviated as TTI (TTI Group). TTI, which was founded in Hong Kong in 1985, sells tools all over the world and employs more than 22,000 people. TTI is a publicly traded company on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange with global annual revenues of more than US$6 billion in 2017.
- In addition to Milwaukee Electric Tool Company, RIDGID (“Orange”) – licensed from Emerson, Empire Level, Hoover, Dirt Devil, Oreck, Stiletto Tools, Hart Tools, Homelife, VAX, and AEG are also represented.
RIDGID (plumbing) tools are manufactured by Emerson in the “Red” color, as a general rule. TTI is a licensed manufacturer of RIDGID tools in the “Orange” color.
Wait, I Thought Bosch Owned Skil?
That is no longer the case. Bosch sold Skil Power Tool Brands to Chervon in 2017, and the two companies joined forces. This resulted in the addition of two major brands to their portfolio: Skilsaw and Skil. Chervon launched its power tools business unit in 1993, and the EGO brand of cordless outdoor power equipment was introduced in 2013. Chervon has been in the power tools market since 1993. Earlier this year, the firm revamped Skil (including the logo) and announced the introduction of new 12V and 20V cordless power tools.
Chervon is the manufacturer of the following product lines:
- Then there’s this: Bosch sold Skil Power Tool Brands to Chervon in 2017, and the two companies merged. Skilsaw and Skil are two well-known names that have been introduced to their portfolio as a result. Chervon launched its power tools business unit in 1993, and the EGO brand of cordless outdoor power equipment was introduced in 2013. Chervon has been in the power tools business unit since 1993. A new 12V and 20V cordless power tool line was launched by Skil in 2018, along with a revamped business logo. Chervon tools and goods are currently available for purchase in more than 30,000 outlets in 65 different countries worldwide. Following are the brands manufactured by Chervon:
First and foremost, Bosch Tools is just a small component of the Bosch Group, which includes Robert Bosch GmbH and over 350 businesses in more than 60 countries across the world. Robert Bosch GmbH merged its North American power tool and power tool accessory operations into a single company in 2003, resulting in the formation of Robert Bosch Tool Corporation in the United States and Canada.
Power tools, rotary and oscillating tools, power tool accessories, laser and optical leveling devices, and range finding instruments are among the products that the firm produces, manufactures, and distributes across the world. Bosch also makes the following tools in addition to the above:
- Bosch, Freud, Diablo, Dremel, RotoZip, Vermont American, CST/berger, and many more.
Husqvarna Group Brands
In addition to chainsaws and trimmers, the Husqvarna Group also makes robotic lawn mowers, as well as ride-on lawnmowers. Other products manufactured by the group include garden irrigation devices, diamond tools, cutting equipment, and other items for the construction and stone sectors. They have a presence in more than 100 countries and employ more than 13,000 individuals in 40 different nations throughout the world. In addition, the Husqvarna Group owns the following tools:
- Husqvarna, Poulan Pro, Weed Eater, Jonsored, Klippo, Zenoah, Gardena, Diamant Boart, Flymo, McCullock, and more manufacturers
JPW Industries – Jet Powermatic Wilton
JPW is the parent company of numerous well-known brands, including Jet, Powermatic, and Wilton. The company’s headquarters are in La Vergne, Tennessee, but it also has activities in Switzerland, Germany, Russia, France, Taiwan, and China, in addition to its home state of Tennessee. They offer their products in more than 20 countries throughout the world. Their tool brands include the following: In Sparks, Maryland, USA, Apex Tool Group maintains its headquarters, where it employs more than 8,000 people.
The sale of hand tools, power tools, and electronic tools for the industrial, automotive, aerospace, and construction/DIY industries generates annual revenues in excess of $1.4 billion in the United States.
- Master Power
- Armstrong(shut down in 2017)
- Allen(shut down in 2017)
A power tool maker and product manufacturer with its headquarters in St. Louis, Missouri (USA), Emerson controls power tool manufacturers and products for the industrial, commercial, and home industries. Emerson controls the following products, among others, whereas TTI licenses the RIDGID brand name for power tools.
- RIDGID (“Red”)
- Klauke lt
- RIDGID (“Red”)
TTS Tooltechnic Systems AGCo. KG
TTS, or Tooltechnic Systems, is headquartered in Wendlingen, Germany, and is the parent company of Festool (electric and pneumatic tools), Tanos (not to be confused with the person who destroyed half of the universe), Narex, Sawstop, and, most recently, Shaper Tools. TTS operates mostly behind the scenes, as evidenced by the fact that it does not appear to have its own website (at least not in the United States) or an official logo. Its subsidiaries are listed below in bullet point format:
Yamabiko Corporation was founded in 2008 and operates in three primary business segments: outdoor power equipment, agricultural machinery, and industrial machinery. Yamabiko Corporation is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Yamabiko, headquartered in Japan, is a global firm with significant operations in Japan and North America, as well as a developing presence in Europe and Asia. The following are examples of tool brands:
KKR (Kohlberg Kravis RobertsCo. L.P.)
KKR manages a variety of assets, including private equity, energy, infrastructure, real estate, and others. Hitachi Koki was bought by KKR in 2017. In the past, Hitachi had bought the Metabo company. KKR now owns the following properties:
- Hikoki (previously Hitachi Koki)
- Metabo HPT (formerly Hitachi Power Tools)
- Hikoki (formerly Hitachi Koki)
In addition to its Professional Instrumentation and Industrial Technologies divisions, Fortive is a diversified industrial growth firm located in Washington that employs over 2,000 people.
Fortive has more than 22,000 workers in more than 50 countries throughout the world, according to the company. There are various tool makers represented among their multiple brands, including:
WernerCo is a ladder manufacturer and distributor that produces and sells ladders, climbing equipment, and ladder accessories under a variety of brand names. In addition, they make and market fall prevention goods as well as worksite, truck, and van storage solutions, among other things. The complete line-up is as follows:
ITW (Illinois Tool Works)
ITW is a manufacturer of specialized industrial equipment, power tools, hand tools, and consumables that was established more than 100 years ago. ITW has a presence in 57 countries and employs more than 50,000 people. They also have more than 17,000 patents, both granted and pending, under their name. ITW brands include the following:
- The companies Paslode, Duo-Fast, Red Head, Tapcon, Bernard, Miller, Hobart, Tregaskis, ITW Buildex, Texwipe, Deltar, and Alpine, an ITW Company, are among the largest in the world.
It’s believed that J. Walter Becker founded the IDEAL Commutator Dresser Company of Chicago in 1916 out of his mother’s kitchen in Chicago. Ideal Industries is still in business more than a century later, serving technicians and employees all around the world. They provide services to the electrical, construction, aerospace, and even the automobile industries. Several of their brands are probably familiar to you:
- Ideal Electrical
- Cree Lighting
- Anderson Power Products
- SK Professional Tools
- Audacy Wireless (brought under the Cree Lighting umbrella)
Sunrise Global Marketing
Sunnyvale, California-based Sunrise Global Marketing manufactures the Greenworks and Greenworks Pro products.
Positec was founded in 1994 as an original equipment manufacturer. They currently possess the Rockwell and WORX brands, among other things. The identity of the company that manufactures Harbor Freight Power Tools remains a mystery—possibly because they have changed suppliers in the past. LuTool, a firm founded in June 1999, has been proposed as a possible supplier for their power tools. Ningbo, China is home to LuTool’s headquarters, while Ontario, Canada serves as the company’s North American headquarters.
Others, not to be outdone, have speculated that Powerplus is the maker of the Drill Master, Warrior, Bauer, and Hercules tool lines, as well as other brands.
We wish we could provide a solid response, but Harbor Freight has been tight-lipped about its power tool manufacturing partners despite repeated requests.
What About Hilti and Makita?
Both Hilti and Makita are just Hilti and Makita, nothing more. Hilti does not have any subsidiary firms reporting to them, nor does it report to a parent company reporting to them. Dolmar was purchased by Makita, which added to the already amazing array of outdoor power equipment instruments that the company already had in its arsenal. Considering their respective market shares, each of these firms has a rather outstanding position!
Who Makes House Brands at Big Box Stores?
Those well-known house brands accessible at big-box shops and home improvement warehouses must not be overlooked. Please keep in mind that many (if not all) of the brands listed below are ODM or OEM solutions.
That is, the tools are defined by the retailer, but they are manufactured by a different manufacturer. In other cases, tools are “offered” to a store and then made in large quantities after the merchant accepts the buyer’s purchase.
Home Depot House Brands
- Those well-known house brands that are accessible at big-box shops and home improvement warehouses cannot be overlooked. It should be noted that many (if not all) of the brands listed below provide ODM or OEM services. That is, the tools are defined by the retailer, but they are manufactured by a different company. A third scenario involves a merchant being “sold” tools, with the tools subsequently being made in large quantities upon acceptance of the retailer’s order.
Lowe’s House Brands
- Kobalt Tools (24V power tools) manufactured by Chervon
- Kobalt Tools (outdoor power tools) manufactured by Greenworks
- Blue Hawk (various OEM)
- Kobalt Tools (24V power tools) manufactured by Chervon
Menard’s House Brands
- Masterforce (different OEMs)
- Grip Fast
- Tool Shop
- Masterforce (various OEMs).
While you might have assumed you knew who controlled all of those power tool makers, consolidation has altered the playing field. Stanley BlackDecker, by far, shows the most extensive takeover trend in the industry. Companies like as TTI, Apex Tool Group, ITW, and others take pleasure in increasing their employee numbers. Finally, if you know of any tool mergers or acquisitions that we have missed, please let us know in the comments section below. We wish to maintain this material up to date, which is a much more difficult undertaking than we anticipated!
Tool Industry Behemoths: Who Owns What? (Brand Guide)
All of us have a few favorite tool companies that we instantly turn to when we need a new tool or accessory. Many people are extremely devoted to their preferred brands, feeling that they are superior to competitors in terms of performance, price, guarantee, and/or other aspects of their lives. Nonetheless, you may be shocked to learn that many tool brands that appear to be in direct rivalry with one another are in fact owned by the same parent corporation. It’s even possible that the same firm owns and manufactures both your favorite and least favorite tool brands at the same time.
Some umbrella firms have a long list of high-profile clients, and you might be surprised to learn about some of the companies that are associated with one another in the process.
Who Are the Big Names
There are some tool companies that we all have a preference for and go to whenever we require a new tool. Many people are extremely devoted to their preferred brands, feeling that they are superior to competitors in terms of performance, price, guarantee, and/or other aspects of their product. Many tool brands that appear to be in direct conflict with one another are, in fact, owned by the same corporation, which may come as a surprise. Furthermore, it’s likely that the same firm owns and manufactures both your favorite and least favorite tool brands.
There are many powerful corporations linked with certain umbrella companies, and you might be surprised to learn about some of the companies that are affiliated with one another.
- In addition to Stanley BlackDecker and Techtronic Industries/TTI, Bosch and Chervon and JPW Industries and Werner Co and Emerson and ITW and Fortive and Delta Power Equipment as well as Snap-on and Makita and Hitachi Koki Co., Ltd are among the companies represented.
The majority of people are familiar with Stanley tools and BlackDecker. Despite the fact that each of these businesses is a separate entity, they are all under the umbrella firm of Stanley BlackDecker. However, it is not all that is available under the Stanley BlackDecker brand. This multinational firm with its headquarters in New Britain, Connecticut, USA, owns some of the most well-known names in the tool industry. Despite the fact that DeWalt is a subsidiary of Stanley BlackDecker, the company is one of the most trusted tool brands among professionals across a wide range of sectors.
Not to mention Craftsman, another well-known name in tools that is trusted by experts in a variety of professions, including the automotive and construction industries.
IRWIN owns a number of different enterprises, including VISE-GRIP, STRAIT-LINE, Speedbor, and Quick-Grip, among others.
Bostitch and MAC Tools are also part of the Stanley BlackDecker family, as are a number of smaller firms such as Vidmar, Lenox, Sidchrome, Powers, Proto, Lista, and Facom, all of which fall under the Stanley BlackDecker umbrella.
Companies Owned or Produced by Stanley BlackDecker
- The names Stanley tools and BlackDecker are well-known to most individuals. Each of these companies operates independently, yet they are all part of the larger Stanley BlackDecker organization. However, the Stanley BlackDecker brand is comprised of much more than just tools. This mega-corporation with its headquarters in New Britain, Connecticut, USA, owns some of the most well-known names in the tools industry. Despite the fact that DeWalt is a subsidiary of Stanley BlackDecker, the company is one of the most trusted tool brands among experts in a variety of fields. It is also owned by Stanley BlackDecker, who also owns Porter-Cable, which is frequently cited as some of DeWalt’s most direct competitors. Not to mention Craftsman, another well-known name in tools that is trusted by experts in a variety of industries, including the automotive and construction sectors. As if having all of these significant firms under one roof wasn’t enough, Stanley BlackDecker is also the parent company of IRWIN, which they bought in 2017 and is now part of the Stanley BlackDecker family of companies. A number of IRWIN-owned firms, including VISE-GRIP, STRAIT-LINE, Speedbor, and Quick-Grip, are part of the company’s portfolio. Bostitch and MAC Tools are also part of the Stanley BlackDecker family, as are a number of smaller firms like as Vidmar, Lenox, Sidchrome, Powers, Proto, Lista, and Facom, all of which are owned by the same parent company.
Whether or not you’ve heard of Techtronic Industries, chances are good that you’ve purchased anything from one of their companies at some point in your tool collection’s history. This is another another firm that has worked with some really well-known brands in the past. Techtronic Industries is headquartered in Hong Kong, China, while its clients, as well as their 30,000 workers, are spread across the world. The names of some of the most well-known companies operating under the Techtronic Industries banner, such as Milwaukee Power Tools, which has its headquarters in Brookfield, Wisconsin, are virtually certain to be familiar to you.
- Despite the fact that Techtronic Industries does not control the full Ryobi corporation, Ryobi is one of the brand names under which Techtronic Industries makes products.
- Ryobi tools purchased from a third-party retailer are manufactured by an independent Ryobi tool firm.
- Techtronic Industries is also home to a number of other tool manufacturers, including Hart, AEG, Empire Level, Stiletto, and Imperial Blades, among others.
- This corporation is the parent company of Dirt Devil, Hoover, Oreck, Vax, and Homelite, among other brands.
Companies Owned or Produced by Techtronic Industries
- Milwaukee Power Tools, Ryobi, AEG, Empire Level, Hart, Imperial Blades, Ridgid, Stiletto, Dirt Devil, Hoover, Oreck, Vax, and Homelite are just a few of the brands available.
If you’ve been around tools for a long time, it’s virtually probable that you’re familiar with the Bosch brand. However, you might not be aware that Bosch is a large conglomerate that owns a number of different manufacturing companies. Bosch Tools is one of the most well-known brands associated with the Bosch brand, and it manufactures tools for a wide range of sectors. Bosch also owns a number of firms that are more specialized, such as Dremel, which is well-known for its compact rotary tools.
Freud and Diablo are two names for the same firm, which is well-known for producing high-quality saw blades.
Bosch previously owned the gardening tool brands Gilmour and Nelson, but sold them to Fiskars in 2014 for a combined $1 billion.
Companies Owned or Produced by Bosch
- Bosch, CST/Berger, Dremel, RotoZip, Vermont American, Freud and Diablo, OTC, Accu-turn, Beissbarth, Actron, Robinair, Sunpro, Sia Abrasives, and other manufacturers
Bosch, CST/Berger, Dremel, RotoZip, Vermont American, Freud and Diablo, OTC, Accu-turn, Beissbarth, Actron, Robinair, Sunpro, Sia Abrasives, and more brands
Companies Owned or Produced by Chervon
In addition to its home base of La Vergne, Tennessee, JPW Industries distributes its goods in 20 nations across the world. They provide technical support and service from its headquarters in the United States for all of the manufacturers that they represent, which include names such as JET Tools. Despite the fact that JPW Industries is the primary parent business, the corporation is really controlled by a private equity firm named Gamut Capital Management, which is situated in New York and manages more than $1 billion in assets on its own.
- Other trusted brands, such as Wilton, are represented by JPW Industries subsidiaries.
- Founded in 1917, Powermatic has been manufacturing woodworking equipment for both amateurs and experienced craftsmen for over a century.
- Companies such as Tool Aire, which manufactures air compressors, fans, pumps, and dehumidifiers, as well as GYS, which manufactures welding equipment, are all represented on the JPW Industries roster.
- Also available for purchase are over 500 woodworking and metalworking goods from Baileigh Industrial, a younger firm created in 1999 that sells its products throughout Europe and North America.
Companies Owned or Produced by JPW Industries
- Based in La Vergne, Tennessee, JPW Industries offers its goods in 20 different nations throughout the world. They provide technical support and service from their headquarters in the United States for all of the brands that are associated with them, including JET Tools. Gamut Capital Management, a private equity firm located in New York that oversees over $1 billion in assets, owns a majority stake in JPW Industries, despite the fact that JPW Industries is the primary parent business. JET is a well-known and trusted name in the industrial tool industry, but it is not the only reputable brand in the field. Other well-known companies, like as Wilton, which has been manufacturing workholding equipment and striking tools since 1941, are subsidiaries of JPW Industries. The Powermatic company has been manufacturing woodworking equipment for both enthusiasts and experienced craftsmen for more than a century. Since 1875, the Edwards Manufacturing Company in the United States has been manufacturing tooling for the ironworking industry as well. Companies such as Tool Aire, which manufactures air compressors, fans, pumps, and dehumidifiers, as well as GYS, which manufactures welding equipment, are also listed on the JPW Industries roster of manufacturers. In addition to strong equipment for commercial and domestic usage, ProMac also produces tools for industrial use such as arbor presses, bandsaws, lathes, and hoists. Also available for purchase are over 500 woodworking and metalworking goods from Baileigh Industrial, a more recent firm created in 1999 that sells its products throughout Europe and North America.
Werner Co. is a Pennsylvania-based corporation with its headquarters in Greenville. It owns a total of 15 firms that are engaged in the manufacturing and distribution of fall protection equipment, job-site storage equipment, vehicles and vans, access systems, and climbing items, among other things. They sell and distribute their products in a number of countries, including the United States, Mexico, China, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada. Wenger is one of the most prestigious brands in the Werner Co.
On any job site where ladders are being utilized, there is a great likelihood of discovering a WERNER brand product.
family of companies.
They manufacture a diverse selection of storage alternatives, including workstations, mobile workbenches, hand toolboxes, and storage chests of varying sizes and capacities.
Companies Owned or Produced by Werner Co.
- BOSS, Centaure, Daurib, Green Bull, Haemmerlin, Keller, Oldfields Ladders, Weather Guard, WERNER, Youngman, Zarges
Emerson is a multinational firm that manufactures professional tools for those who work in the mechanical, electrical, utility, or plumbing industries, among other things. They own a number of businesses, including Greenlee, which has been manufacturing high-quality goods for storage, material handling, testing, fabrication, hole-making, bending, and other applications for more than 150 years and is still going strong. Ridgid is one of the names on the Emerson lineup that you’re fairly guaranteed to recognize.
It’s a little difficult to explain, but in essence, the Ridgid power tools that are only available at Home Depot are wholly manufactured, sold, and distributed by Techtronic Industries.
Nevertheless, Techtronic Industries does not have a license to manufacture any of the other Ridgid items, such as hand tools, plumbing tools, and other professional industry tools; these are still manufactured by Ridgid, under the Emerson label.
Companies Owned or Produced by Emerson
Incorporated in 1958, Emerson is a multinational firm that manufactures professional instruments for those working in the mechanical, electrical, utility, and plumbing sectors. They own a number of businesses, including Greenlee, which has been manufacturing high-quality goods for storage, material handling, testing, fabrication, hole-making, bending, and other applications for more than 150 years and continues to do so. In the Emerson lineup, there’s one name that you’re practically guaranteed to recognize: Ridgid, for short.
The Ridgid power tools that are unique to Home Depot are wholly manufactured, sold, and distributed by Techtronic Industries, which is a complicated business to understand.
Companies Owned or Produced by ITW
- Red Head
Buildex, Paslode, Ramset, Red Head, Spit, Tapcon, Miller, Hobart, Bernard and Tregaskiss are some of the names you may recognize.
Companies Owned or Produced by Fortive
- Amprobe, Fluke, Matco, Tektronix, Pomona Electronics, Keithley, and many more.
Delta Power Equipment
Stanley BlackDecker used to own Delta Power Tools, but in 2011, that firm went out of business and was replaced by a Taiwanese corporation, which became the Delta Power Equipment Corp. Delta Power Tools is currently operating as a separate entity, with the tools being manufactured by Chang Type, a Taiwanese firm that bought Delta Power Tools in 2012. The Chang Type Corporation also manufactures tools for some of the world’s most recognizable tool businesses, including those owned by both Stanley BlackDecker and Techtronic Industries.
Companies Owned or Produced by Delta Power Equipment
Snap-on tools are one of the most well-known and respected brands of automotive tools in the world. You may have even seen the large Snap-on tool trucks traveling around distributing their tools to various locations. It’s likely that you weren’t aware that the Snap-on brand is actually an umbrella firm that owns a number of other businesses. These products are distributed by a number of different Snap-on firms, including Snap-on, Snap-on Industrial, Snap-on Specialty Tools, and SNA Europe, to name a few examples.
Besides SUN, Snap-on is also the owner of the SUN brand, which is trusted by many car dealers and repair businesses for their automotive servicing equipment.
Companies Owned or Produced by Snap-on
- Automobile Tool Corporation
- Auto Crib
- CDI Torque Product Corporation
- Challenger Lifts Corporation
- EcoTechnics Corporation
- Kansas Jack, Lindstrom, Mitchell1, Nexiq Technologies, Norbar Torque Tools, Power Hawk, Pro-Cut Rotor Matching Systems, Sioux, Sturtevant Richmont, SUN, Truck Cam, and Williams are some of the companies represented.
Though established in Japan, Makita is a multinational corporation with operations all over the world. Among the companies having headquarters in La Mirada, California, are Makita USA, which also has distribution locations in the states of Texas, Illinois, and Georgia. Makita has ten production facilities throughout the world and sells its products in more than 40 countries. Makita Corporation celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2015. The majority of the brands that comprise Makita’s primary rivals are owned by far larger conglomerates than the company itself.
Makita, on the other hand, is a separate entity. As of this writing, Makita is comprised of several smaller firms, such as Makita USA, however they all fly the Makita flag and operate under the Makita brand.
It’s possible that you’ve worked with Hitachi tools in the past. For many years, they were a well-known firm that manufactured high-quality tools for a wide range of industrial applications. A subsidiary of Koki Holdings Co., Ltd., Hitachi was a Japanese electronics manufacturer. As a result of the partnership between Koki Holdings and the US-based investment company KKR in 2017, Hitachi Power Tools was renamed Metabo HPT in North America in 2017. Despite the name change, the firm is still producing the same tools and is carrying on Hitachi’s tradition of providing high-quality equipment.
Sometimes, two brands that are in direct conflict with one another are owned by the same parent corporation!
Credit for the featured image goes to Andrey Popov through Shutterstock.
Which Company Owns the Most Tool Brands? – Clever Creations
Hitachi tools are likely to be familiar to you. Their excellent products for a range of sectors made them a successful firm for many years. They were a popular company for many years. A subsidiary of Koki Holdings Co., Ltd., Hitachi was a manufacturer of electronic components. As a result of the partnership between Koki Holdings and the US-based investment company KKR in 2017, Hitachi Power Tools became Metabo HPT in North America. While the firm has changed its name, the tools it produces remain the same and the company’s tradition of high-quality equipment remains.
Some tool brands have managed to maintain their independence while experiencing remarkable expansion internationally.
At the end of the day, this knowledge will have no impact on the tools you use, so stick with the brands you know and trust, even if you’re astonished to learn that they’re related to other brands you don’t like.
What is the value of the handpower tool market?
According to several estimates, the power and hand tools industry had a total value of $52.0 billion in 2019, however this figure is conservative. Power tool sales account for $29.8 billion of this total, with hand tool sales accounting for the remaining $22.2 billion of the total. Three industry reports were used to come up with this estimate. The size of the power tool market in 2019 is estimated to be between $25.5 billion and $32.2 billion, according to the studies. The average of these three statistics resulted in a ‘final’ estimate of $29.8 billion in power tool sales, according to the study.
When we add these two figures together, we obtain a total of $52.0 billion.
However, as a result of the recent COVID outbreak, it is reasonable to anticipate a slowdown in growth in the near future.
This is mostly due to difficulties in the supply chain (availability of raw materials, disturbance in transportation) and in the manufacturing operations themselves (factory shutdowns).
Top handpower tool manufacturers worldwide
Despite the large number of various brands of tools that can be found in the aisles of hardware stores, there are only a small number of firms who manufacture these products. Smaller brands have been purchased by larger tool makers, which have then amalgamated together. This has resulted in the current scenario, which is characterized by a small number of large businesses that control the tool market. Taking a look at the data helps us to see things more clearly. The five firms mentioned below are responsible for $27 billion in sales in the handpower tool industry in 2019, according to the latest available data.
In this section, we’ll take a deeper look at each of these five firms and the tool brands they control.
1. Stanley BlackDecker Inc.
- Originally from the United States
- Founded in 1843
- Handpower tool revenue (2019): (US)$10.1 billion
- Market share: (19.4 percent)
Stanley BlackDecker is not only one of the world’s largest tool makers, but it is also one of the world’s most enduring companies. The Stanley Works, which was established in 1843 as a bolt producer and was recognized as such for a long time, is no longer in operation. A merger with Stanley BlackDecker took place in 2010, resulting in the company’s present name: Stanley BlackDecker. The company’s current headquarters are in the Connecticut town of New Britain. After purchasing a number of other firms over the years, it is now capable of manufacturing several different types of power tools, hand tools, and fasteners to meet the needs of customers throughout the world.
The extensive portfolio of brands that they possess contributes significantly to their global success.
- The following brands are represented: BlackDecker, Bostitch, Craftsman, Dewalt, Irwin, Lista, Mac, Porter Cable, Powers Fasteners, Proto, Sidchrome, Stanley, United States of America Grain, Vidmar
2. Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd.
- Hong Kong is the place of origin
- The year 1985 marks the year of establishment. 2019 handpower tool revenue is expected to be (US)$6.8 billion, with a market share of 13.1 percent.
Hong Kong is the place of origin; the year 1985 marks the year of founding. 2019 handpower tool revenue is estimated to be (US)$6.8 billion, with a market share of 13.1 percent.
- AEG Power Tools, Dirt Devil, Empire, Hart, Homelite, Milwaukee Tool, Oreck, Ryobi, Stiletto, Techtronic Industries, and Vax are some of the brands that are available.
3. Robert Bosch GmbH
- German origin
- Founded in 1886
- Handpower tool revenue (2019): (US)$5.6 billion
- Market share: 10.8 percent
- Origin: Germany
Robert Bosch GmbH, or just Bosch, is a German company that was formed in Stuttgart in 1886. Despite the fact that the firm is best recognized in Europe, it creates a diverse variety of items that are sold across the world. Beyond power tools, Bosch’s product lines include automobile parts, household appliances, electronics, security systems and other related items. Despite the fact that just a small portion of the firm’s vast 77.7 billion EUR sales comes from power tools, that portion is significant enough to position the corporation in third place on this list.
Hammer drills, cordless screwdrivers, and jigsaws are examples of power tools, but there are also landscape tools such as hedge trimmers and high-pressure cleaners.
- CST/Berger, Diablo, Dremel, Freud, RotoZip, Vermont American, and more brands
- Established in 1941
- 2019 handpower tool revenue is expected to be (US)$2.9 billion, with a market share of 5.6 percent.
Since its founding as a small family firm in 1941, Hilti has evolved into an internationally renowned corporation with a loyal customer base. Liechtenstein was the location of the company’s inception, and it is also the location from which it works today. The majority of the company’s goods are utilized in the construction industry, and they are marketed to professionals who will employ them. There are several types of measurement and detecting tools as well as anchoring systems, and power equipment like hammer drills and cordless electric drills as well as demolition hammers and power saws.
In the world of tool manufacturing, Hilti is one of the few companies that has maintained its independence and solely makes tools under its own name.
- Japan is the country of origin
- The year of founding is 1915
- Handpower tool sales in 2019 is expected to be (US)$2.7 billion, with a market share of (US)5.2 percent.
Makita is a power tool manufacturer that practically every do-it-yourselfer is familiar with. The firm began operations in 1915 with the sale and maintenance of transformers, motors, and lighting equipment, among other things. Today, it focuses on cordless tools, power tools, and accessories, among other things. Despite the fact that Makita’s headquarters are in Japan, the company has plants all over the world. Brazil, Mexico, Romania, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, Dubai, Thailand, and the United States are among the countries where these production sites are situated.
Makita’s products include cordless screwdrivers, impact drivers, drills, and jigsaws, as well as cutting tools, angle grinders, and gardening equipment, to name a few.
It was determined that the handpower tool sales figures associated for each firm were gathered from the companies’ annual reports and investor relations reports published in 2019. Some educated guesses have to be made in order to get at Bosch’s figures. When it comes to the company’s annual report, the power tools revenue is merged with the home appliance revenue to make a single category referred to as “Consumer Goods.” Calculating the estimated value of the household appliance element and removing it from the overall ‘Consumer Goods’ income resulted in the approximate revenue for power tools, which was calculated as follows: The market shares are computed by combining the revenues generated by the firms’ handpower tool sales with market data obtained from the industry publications cited earlier.
These industry statistics are also not 100 percent correct, thus there will be some inaccuracy in the market share figures reported in these studies.
Tool brand database
There are, of course, a disproportionately greater number of tool producers in the world. These firms each generate a lesser amount of income on their own, but when they come together, they account for a considerable share of the overall revenue generated by the entire market. The brands owned by some of these corporations are many, while others exclusively make products under a single trademark. The following are some examples of additional tool makers you may be familiar with: Chervon, Husqvarna, Illinois Tool Works, and Snap-On.
You can find it at the link below.
It, like the rest of this page, is mostly concerned with power/hand tool brands that are suitable for do-it-yourselfers, industry experts, and construction workers.
- The number of tool makers has, of course, increased significantly. These enterprises each generate a tiny amount of income on their own, but when they come together, they account for a considerable fraction of the overall revenue generated by the whole market place. Some of these businesses have a diverse range of brands, whilst others solely produce under a single name. Chervon, Husqvarna, Illinois Tool Works, and Snap-On are just a few of the other tool brands you might be familiar with. I’ve put together an easy-to-use database to make it easier to figure out who owns your favorite tool brand, or to check up which corporations control a large number of brands. You may use it to check for tool brands, parent businesses, and the information that goes with them by searching and filtering the database. It, like the rest of this page, is mostly concerned with power/hand tool brands that are suitable for do-it-yourselfers, industry experts, and construction workers.
- General Motors is the parent firm, and the company is a public company. GM is the ticker symbol for the stock.
- General Motors is the parent firm, and the company is a publicly traded one. GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION (GM)
- Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. is the parent company
- The firm is a public corporation
- The ticker symbol for the stock is TTNDY.
- Technical Industries Co. Ltd is the parent firm
- It is a public corporation with the ticker symbol TTNDY
- It is headquartered in Taiwan.
- Ideal Industries is the parent company, and the firm is a private corporation.
- Established in 1886 (136 years ago), with headquarters in Paris, France
- Target customers include homeowners and professionals.
- Snap-on Incorporated is the parent company
- The firm is a public corporation
- The ticker symbol for the stock is SNA.
- It was founded in 1999 (23 years ago), and its headquarters are in La Vergne, Tennessee, USA. Its target client is woodworkers.
- JPW Industries Inc. is the parent firm, and the company is a private corporation.
- Establishment date:1910 (or 112 years ago)
- Headquarters location:New Britain, Connecticut, USA
- Target customer:Homeowners
- Stanley BlackDecker is the parent firm
- The company is a public corporation
- The ticker symbol for the stock is SWK.
- Customer segment: professionals
- Headquarters: Kenosha, Wisconsin, USA
- Target market:
- Snap-on Incorporated is the parent company
- The firm is a public corporation
- The ticker symbol for the stock is SNA.
- Established in 1964 (58 years ago)
- Headquarters in Monticello, Minnesota, USA
- Target customer: professionals
- Established in 1964 (58 years ago)
Despite the fact that this database comprises the largest corporations and most well-known brands, it is by no means comprehensive. I am certain that some brands have fallen through the cracks since there are so many of them. My intention is to keep the database as full and up to date as possible, but given the frequency with which tool companies acquire and combine, this will be a difficult task.
Any wrong or missing brands/companies should be reported in the comments section and I will make every effort to repair or update the information!
The firm from whom you are purchasing power or hand tools might be difficult to discern when making a purchase of these items. The majority of well-known brands are held by a parent corporation, which in turn often controls a large number of additional brands. As a result, you may find that you have far less options when purchasing equipment than you believe you have. With five of the world’s largest firms holding brands that account for more than half of the market, you’re likely to buy from the same handful of companies on a regular basis.
- Tim is the creator of the website clevercreations.org. He is a DIY enthusiast who enjoys constructing, fixing, and doing anything around the house. Whenever he isn’t writing about these subjects, you may find him in his studio creating something new. View all of the postings